West Virginia: A Unit Study (2023)

West Virginia: A Unit Study (1)

On March 26, 1863, West Virginia ratified a new state constitution providing for the gradual abolition of slavery, thus guaranteeing a place in the Union apart from Virginia.

West Virginia History

From the earliest days of colonization, Virginia and West Virginia were inextricably linked. In 1584, Queen Elizabeth I of England granted Sir Walter Raleigh a charter to send out an expedition to the New World. The explorers landed on the coast, claimed the land for England, and named it “Virginia” after Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen. Later, in 1607, the first permanent settlement in Virginia was founded—Jamestown.

Early settlement in Virginia tended to stay near the coast at first, avoiding the Indian-haunted mountains to the west. But the colonists finally grew curious as to what lay in that direction. Once the push westward into the more remote parts of Virginia started, it was not readily stopped, whatever claims the natives might have had on the land. White men were eager for land and furs.

West Virginia: A Unit Study (2)

A treaty was made in 1722 which gave the Iroquois the right to all of the land west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, including present-day West Virginia, but that did not stop the settlers from crossing the boundary and building homes in the area. Beginning in 1727, pioneers of all descriptions, most notably the Scottish, the Irish, the Welsh, and the Germans crossed the Blue Ridge to settle. The Iroquois were indignant at this invasion into their rightful hunting grounds, which they shared with the Cherokee and Shawnee.

Trying to calm the situation, Governor William Gooch bought a portion of the Iroquois land in a treaty in 1744. Unfortunately, this agreement caused still more trouble. The wording was rather vague. Neither the colonists nor the Iroquois were quite sure if white settlement was allowed only to the foot of the Alleghenies or if the Indians had ceded all of their lands south of the Ohio River. Both parties tended to interpret the treaty favorably to themselves, and the inevitable result was conflict. Another treaty was signed in 1752, this time making it clear that the Iroquois were to give up their rights to the land south of the Ohio. The somewhat less troublesome Cherokee and Shawnee tribes were allowed to remain.

Peace still did not come to the western portions of the Virginia Colony, however, for the French had claims on the Ohio Valley, as well. The French and Indian War took place between 1754 and 1763, wreaking havoc among whites and natives alike. The war ended with British claims firmly established, and the Indians gradually began to turn over their lands to the whites.

Tobacco plantations fostered a somewhat aristocratic society in eastern Virginia, while a hardscrabble frontier existence quickly created a very different type of culture to the west. The colonies were still under British rule when plans were made to divide Virginia in two and create a fourteenth colony, Vandalia.

The thirteen colonies became the thirteen states in 1776, Virginia remaining intact in spite of petitions to Congress to create the state of Westsylvania from the proposed Vandalia. However, all was not quiet. The two cultures were frequently at odds, particularly when a new state constitution was written in 1829. This constitution based voting rights on property holdings, which in practice would mean that only slave owners on the eastern plantations would be able to vote. Not surprisingly, the western portion of the state voted against the constitution, but there were enough eastern votes to ratify the document.

On the issue of slavery, the divided state could not be reconciled. When the abolitionist Republican Party’s candidate, Abraham Lincoln, was elected president, the party of the abolitionists, Virginia voted to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy. This proved to be just the opportunity the western settlers were waiting for.

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West Virginia: A Unit Study (3)

In May 1862, Senator Waitman T. Willey of Virginia called on Congress to admit West Virginia to the Union. At the same time, he proposed the Willey Amendment, which would require the prospective state constitution to be revised to provide for the gradual emancipation of slaves. The Senate passed the bill that July, making the Willey Amendment the condition for statehood. The House followed suit in December, and Lincoln signed the bill on December 31. Statehood became official on June 20, 1863, making West Virginia the 35th state, and one of two states admitted to the Union during the Civil War, Nevada being the other.

Disputes between Virginia and West Virginia continued for over a hundred years. The question of boundaries, in particular, caused the two states a great deal of angst. In 1871, the U.S. Supreme Court settled the matter of which counties formed the new state and which remained with the old, but the lines between the counties were still being examined as late as the 1990s. Distribution of debt was another bone of contention, Virginia demanding that West Virginia pay its share of the debt incurred before the Civil War began.

West Virginia Economy

With the Civil War over and the Industrial Revolution spreading across the country, there was soon a great demand for the abundant natural resources that West Virginia could provide. Coal and timber created a foundation on which the state’s economy could be built, and railroads, factories, and cities followed. World War I sparked even faster growth.

However, the Great Depression took a heavy toll on West Virginia, and even the renewed production demands of WWII could only temporarily prevent economic disaster. Oil had become far more important as a fuel than coal, and many of West Virginia’s mines were shut down. Both the state’s economy and its population suffered. In the 1990s, however, three of the key industries of West Virginia began to expand—coal, timber, and tourism.

Today, West Virginia’s economy is diverse, yet it lags behind most of the nation. Personal income growth ranked 50th in 2013 at 1.5%. Thriving business centers contrast sharply with rural poverty.

Chemicals account for a tremendous portion of the state’s economy, as do biotechnology, advanced technology, and research and development. Tourists are attracted to ski resorts, historic sites, and natural scenery. The traditional mainstay of the West Virginia economy is also still a major factor: energy. West Virginia is home to the nation’s second largest coal reserve. However, the state’s energy resources are growing more varied. Natural gas and renewable energy are becoming increasingly important. Besides coal, West Virginia’s natural resources include stone, salt, gravel, sand, and clay. Other industries include aerospace, automotive, healthcare, education, metals, telecommunications, and forestry.

West Virginia Geography

West Virginia: A Unit Study (4)

One of the most noticeable features of West Virginia’s geography is its unique shape. It has not just one but two panhandles, one pointing north, the other pointing east. Clockwise from the north, the state’s neighbors are Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio. The state capital is Charleston. The principle rivers are the Ohio and the Potomac.

West Virginia is known as the “Mountain State.” The eastern fifth of the state is part of the Ridge and Valley Region, featuring a series of parallel mountain ridges divided by fertile valleys. Most of the state, however, is part of the Allegheny Plateau. This area is also mountainous, but it blends into an uneven plateau crisscrossed by deep valleys. The plateau decreases in elevation as it approaches the Ohio River.

(Video) How to Homeschool in the state of West Virginia, Homeschooling, WV Home School Curriculum, Portfolio

West Virginia Climate

The climate of West Virginia is classified as continental, since it is not moderated by any large bodies of water. Summers tend to be hot and humid, while winters are fairly cold. The average January temperature is 32ºF, and the average July temperature is 72ºF. The record low temperature is -37ºF, recorded at Lewisburg on December 30, 1917. The first record high temperature of 112ºF was recorded at Moorefield on August 4, 1930, the second at Martinsburg on July 10, 1936.

The average annual precipitation statewide is 44 inches, the mountainous regions receiving more, the Eastern Panhandle receiving less. The rainfall is fairly well distributed across the year.

West Virginia Flora and Fauna

Trees are a major feature of the nature of West Virginia. Three quarters of the state are covered by hardwood forest. The original forests have long since been cut for wood, but the second growth is abundant. Tree species include ash, beech, hickory, red oak, white oak, tulip tree, black walnut, and maple, including the state tree, the sugar maple. Softwood trees, such as fir, pine, and spruce, are also present in areas of rougher terrain.

The fauna of West Virginia matches the forest ecosystem. Foxes, raccoons, and beavers call this state home, as does an endangered species of flying squirrel. A variety of eastern songbirds are also present, including the state bird, the northern cardinal.

Interesting West Virginia Facts
West Virginia: A Unit Study (5)
  • West Virginia is home to the largest conical burial mound in the United States, measuring 62 feet tall and 240 feet in diameter.
  • Coal was first found in West Virginia in 1742.
  • Abolitionist John Brown’s unsuccessful raid on Harper’s Ferry in 1859 was one of the events which led up to the Civil War. He had planned to start a widespread slave revolt using weapons stolen from a Federal arsenal.
  • The first name proposed for West Virginia after separating from Virginia was Kanawha.
  • The state motto is Montani semper liberi, “Mountaineers are always free.”
  • In 1921, West Virginia became the first state to charge sales tax.
  • The longest steel span bridge in the Western Hemisphere is the New River Gorge Bridge near Fayetteville with a span of 1,700 feet.
  • Most of the nation’s glass marbles are manufactured in Clarksburg and Parkersburg.
  • West Virginia is the only South Atlantic state that does not border the Atlantic.
  • Label the following on a map of West Virginia (see Notebooking Pages below):
    • Charleston (the capital)
    • Harper’s Ferry
    • Ohio River
    • Potomac River
    • Spruce Knob (highest point)
    • Bordering states
Further Investigation

Quick Facts

Elected Officials
West Virginia elected officials.

Did You Know???
West Virginia facts.


West Virginia Map and Quiz Printout
From Enchanted Learning.

Interactive Writing Tool {Free}
Create a state brochure using this interactive printing press.

(Video) Nailing Blankets

Interactive Map Maker
Make and label your own map of West Virginia.

The U.S.: 50 States Map Quiz
Locate each state at Seterra.com.

Mountaineer Sugar Cookies
West Virginia’s state cookie is the sugar cookie.

West Virginia: A Unit Study (6)

My State Notebook
From A Beka. “A basic guide to help students collect and learn the facts that are unique to their state as well as beginning research skills.”

Civics Activity Book
Also from A Beka, but written for a higher level than the above title, this activity book guides state research “in a study of national, state, and local government with a brief overview of the Constitution and a variety of interesting activity sheets. In addition to government, students also study the history, geography, and other characteristics of their state and local areas.” We have enjoyed many of the activities in this book, which include writing letters to state officials, researching the state history, and other activities.

West Virginia: A Unit Study (8)

State Birds and Flowers Coloring Book
Inexpensive option from Dover Publishing. Also check out their United States Coloring Book that has a state outline, symbols, and facts on one page.

(Video) West Virginia LLC - How to Start an LLC in West Virginia

Unit Studies & Lesson Plans

A Legislative Book of Activities
An informative download for students from the West Virginia Legislature.

A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia
55-page download from the West Virginia Division of History and Culture for older students that explores the Virginia divide using primary sources.

My State {Free Unit Study}
A recommended state study unit that covers civics, history, geography, language arts, applied math, science, and art, culminating in a personalized state notebook. We have also included additional go-along resources.

A wealth of original ideas and projects for making any state study a work of art!

Studying the 50 United States
Suggestions for a unit on any state from LearningTreasures.com.

Printables & Notebooking Pages

West Virginia State Maps for Notebook

West Virginia State Facts Coloring Pages for Notebook

U.S. States and Capitals Map
Color West Virginia and write in the capital on this printable at PrintableMaps.net.

West Virginia Notebooking Pages
Simple pages for copywork, narrations, recording state facts, or wrapping up.

(Video) Beginning Virginia Genealogical Research

View all of our state unit studies:


What side was West Virginia on in the Civil War? ›

Although Virginia joined the Confederacy in April 1861, the western part of the state remained loyal to the Union and began the process of separation.

What is West Virginia known for? ›

Located in the Appalachian region, West Virginia has some of the most rugged land in the country. The state's rolling mountains, hills and valleys earned it the nickname of The Mountain State, and it is well-known for its range of outdoor activities, including hiking, mountain biking, skiing and whitewater rafting.

Was West Virginia part of the Union? ›

During the Civil War, West Virginia is admitted into the Union as the 35th U.S. state, or the 24th state if the secession of the 11 Southern states were taken into account.

Why was West Virginia created? ›

The history of West Virginia stems from the 1861 Wheeling Convention, which was an assembly of northwestern Virginian Southern Unionists, who aimed to repeal the Ordinance of Secession that Virginia made during the American Civil War (1861–1865).

Did WV support slavery? ›

By 1860 the use of slave labor in West Virginia was about 48% in agriculture, 16% in commerce, 21% in industry and 15% in mixed occupations. Farming in West Virginia produced about twice as much grain and livestock than was needed for subsistence, with one in ten farm workers being a slave.

Did WV fight for Confederacy? ›

The U.S. state of West Virginia was formed out of western Virginia and added to the Union as a direct result of the American Civil War (see History of West Virginia), in which it became the only modern state to have declared its independence from the Confederacy.

Is West Virginia nice to live? ›

In general, West Virginia is a nice place to live. Most cities and towns of this state offer low cost of living, less crime, outdoor recreational opportunities, friendly people, beautiful scenery, quality jobs, and higher education facilities that give people to lead a more relaxed and chill pace of life.

Why is it so cheap in West Virginia? ›

Because the population centers are relatively small, the tax base for services is lower in West Virginia than in other parts of the country. The lower real estate costs can save you some money here too, but that also means there are fewer funds available for public services.

Where does WV rank in education? ›

The quality of West Virginia universities was ranked 46th overall. West Virginia also had the lowest annual household income, with only Mississippi earning less. West Virginia was not in the bottom five for percentage of people with a high school diploma.

Is West Virginia liberal or conservative? ›

In the 2000 presidential election, George W. Bush claimed a surprise victory over Al Gore, with 52% of the vote; he won West Virginia again in 2004, with 56% of the vote. West Virginia is now a heavily Republican state, with John McCain winning the state in 2008, Mitt Romney in 2012 and Donald Trump in 2016 and 2020.

Why is West Virginia called the Switzerland of America? ›

West Virginia is sometimes known as the Switzerland of America because of its picturesque mountain scenery. Area 24,230 square miles (62,756 square kilometers). Population (2020) 1,793,716.

Who were the first humans in WV? ›

The first evidence of humans in West Virginia dates back to the nomadic Paleo-Indians in 11,000 BCE. From 7000 to 1000 BCE, archaic Native American cultures developed in the Northern Panhandle, the Eastern Panhandle, and the Kanawha River Valley.

Why do people move to West Virginia? ›

West Virginia is widely known for its low cost of living, historical coal mining, and beautiful scenery. It is considered by many to be somewhat of a hidden gem. If you LOVE the outdoors then West Virginia just might be your dream state!

Was West Virginia ever a rich state? ›

Those statistics, released Thursday, also indicate that four of the wealthiest states were located in the Northeast and, along with Maryland and Virginia, form a tight cluster of wealth.
America's wealthiest (and poorest) states.
RankStateMedian Income
3West Virginia$39,170
6 more rows
16 Sept 2010

Why is West Virginia called West? ›

The secession of the slave states wasn't the only case of secession in 1860s America. The western portion of Virginia seceded from the Confederate state and named itself West Virginia, the Mountain State, forsaking the rebellion of the Confederacy for membership in the Union.

What part of West Virginia was the white family from? ›

The Wild and Wonderful Whites of West Virginia is a 2009 documentary film directed by Julien Nitzberg, chronicling the White family of Boone County, West Virginia.

Are there any plantations in West Virginia? ›

The house at Traveller's Rest, near Kearneysville, is West Virginia's sole plantation house designated as a National Historic Landmark for its national-level historical significance. As of 2015, the majority of West Virginia's plantation houses remain under private ownership.

What state ended slavery last? ›

Slavery's final legal death in New Jersey occurred on January 23, 1866, when in his first official act as governor, Marcus L. Ward of Newark signed a state Constitutional Amendment that brought about an absolute end to slavery in the state.

Is West Virginia considered the South? ›

The South Atlantic States: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia. The East South Central States: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi and Tennessee. The West South Central States: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas.

What was the longest WV Battle of the Civil War? ›

Droop Mountain was the largest battle in West Virginia and was one of the last major battles during the war. Averell led a final raid on the Virginia-Tennessee Railroad that proved successful the following month. After Droop Mountain, all Confederate attempts to control West Virginia ended.

Which state saw the most battles during the war? ›

The Answer:

These 384 principal battles occurred in 26 U.S. states with Virginia (123), Tennessee (38), Missouri (29), and Georgia(28) leading the way.

Does it snow a lot in West Virginia? ›

West Virginia experiences short winters that last from December through to March. During this period, snowfall is recorded in all parts of the state, although in varying amounts. For instance, in southern West Virginia, Charleston records an annual snowfall of 36.4 inches (925 millimetres) after 26.6 snowfall days.

Which is safer Virginia or West Virginia? ›

Which is Safer - West Virginia or Virginia? For 2022, West Virginia is the safer spot, with Virginia coming in second in the South Atlantic. West Virginia has lower violent crime rates as well as property crime rates.

Is WV cheap to live? ›

CLARKSBURG, W.Va. (WBOY) — A new WalletHub study named its best states to live in in 2022.

What is a good salary in WV? ›

$43,169 is the 25th percentile. Salaries below this are outliers. $76,046 is the 75th percentile.

What is the nicest city in West Virginia? ›

Niche releases best places to live in WV in 2022
  • #6 Morgantown. Home of West Virginia University, Morgantown in Monongalia County is known for being full of young people and full of life. ...
  • #5 Winfield. ...
  • #4 Star City. ...
  • #3 Cheat Lake. ...
  • #2 Athens. ...
  • #1 Bridgeport.
14 Mar 2022

What is the poorest place in West Virginia? ›

Weirton, WV Ranks as One of the Poorest Big Cities in the Country
  • Samuel Stebbins, 24/7 Wall St. via The Center Square.
  • Sep 24, 2022.
  • Sep 24, 2022.
24 Sept 2022

What is the #1 educated state? ›

Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Virginia, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maryland are all in both the states with the highest educational attainment and the states with the best school systems.

What state is No 1 in education? ›

1. Massachusetts. Massachusetts has the best public school system in the U.S. 48.8% of Massachusetts's eligible schools ranked in the top 25% of high school rankings, a total of 167 schools. Massachusetts has the highest math and reading test scores in the U.S. and the second-highest median ACT score of 25.1.

Is West Virginia a smart state? ›

According to the study, West Virginia has the lowest rate of residents with a bachelor's degree, and only 8.43% of West Virginians have an advanced degree, with only Arkansas scoring lower. West Virginians also have among the lowest IQ, according to the ranking, with an average of 97.2.

Is West Virginia a friendly state? ›

West Virginia is a state in the Appalachian, Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern regions of the United States. The state offers an active lifestyle, a friendly feel, affordable living, and a good quality of life.
6. Cost of Living in West Virginia.
ExpenseUSD $
Other (transportation, material goods)$150
5 more rows

Why is WV The Purple Heart state? ›

The “Purple Heart State” resolution came as a result of our state's efforts to recognize and honor the sacrifices made by those who have been wounded in combat, those who have been awarded the Purple Heart.

Is West Virginia a good place to retire? ›

This beautiful state is also known for its extensive military history. Those wanting a good mix of the outdoors, history, and affordability will love West Virginia. NewHomeSource has named the top 10 cities for retirees in West Virginia.

What city in the US is most like Switzerland? ›

New Glarus, Wisconsin, instead of Bern, Switzerland

Set in the rolling hills of Green County, Wisconsin, the picturesque village of New Glarus is often referred to as America's Little Switzerland, and for good reason.

What state in the US is most like Switzerland? ›

Nicknamed the “Switzerland of America,” Ouray, Colorado, is a picturesque town nestled in the San Juan Mountains of southwestern Colorado.

What do you call people from West Virginia? ›

People who live in West Virginia are called West Virginians.

What is the oldest town in West Virginia? ›

Shepherdstown is the oldest town in West Virginia. The first settlement was recorded in 1730. Thomas Shepherd obtained a land grant in 1734 and was soon followed by other settlers. The town was originally named Mecklenburg in 1762, but then later changed to Shepherdstown in honor of its founder.

What part of West Virginia has the most black people? ›

Keystone is one of the few municipalities in West Virginia with an African-American majority, with 65 percent of the residents being black. Location of Keystone in McDowell County, West Virginia.

Was there dinosaurs in WV? ›

For example, fossils of animals like Dimetrodon, Edaphosaurus, Eryops, Diploceraspis, and Greererpeton have been found in West Virginia. While dinosaurs have not been found in West Virginia rocks, we do have them on display at the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey (WVGES) Museum.

Is it cheaper to live in WV or VA? ›

West Virginia is 15.5% cheaper than Virginia.

Is West Virginia paying people $20000 to move there? ›

Some states are trying to gain that edge by essentially buying talent. West Virginia is offering $20,000 in cash and incentives to people willing to move to the state and live there for two years.

What is the coldest month in West Virginia? ›

January is the coldest month, with a statewide average of 33 °F (1 °C), and July is warmest, with a 73 °F (23 °C) average. The growing season averages 160 days but ranges from 120 to 180 days.

Which county in WV is the poorest? ›

West Virginia is the third poorest state in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $23,450 (2015).
West Virginia counties ranked by per capita income.
Per capita income$30,912
Median household income$66,677
Median family income$79,830
56 more columns

Who owns the most property in West Virginia? ›

The largest landowner in West Virginia is the North Carolina-based Heartwood Forest Land Fund, which owns 500,367 acres.

What is the richest part of West Virginia? ›

Richest Cities in West Virginia
1KabletownJefferson County
2North HillsWood County
3ShepherdstownJefferson County
4BridgeportHarrison County
6 more rows

Why is WV Almost Heaven? ›

Discover "almost heaven, West Virginia," a place well-known for its incredible outdoor adventures, from whitewater rafting, considered among the best in the world, to skiing, outdoor hunting and fishing, mountain biking, rock climbing, and zipline canopy tours.

What accent is West Virginia? ›

West Virginians participate in many dialects, with some variant of what is often called Appalachian English being heard in much of the state. While it is not spoken in all places nor by all West Virginians, this is what people think of when they think of a West Virginia dialect.

Why is West Virginia so famous? ›

West Virginia is known for its scenic mountain beauty, unmatched outdoor recreation opportunities and the friendliest folks in the country.

Is West Virginia historically Democrat or Republican? ›

From the time of the Great Depression through the 1990s, the politics of West Virginia were largely dominated by the Democratic Party.

Why did West Virginia break from Virginia during the Civil War? ›

West Virginia's statehood came in 1863 as a result of the Civil War and after years of wanting to be self-governing from eastern Virginia, creating and continuing the motto Montani Semper Liberi—a mountaineer is always free.

Was Virginia a Union or Confederate? ›

The American state of Virginia became a prominent part of the Confederacy when it joined during the American Civil War. As a Southern slave-holding state, Virginia held the state convention to deal with the secession crisis, and voted against secession on April 4, 1861.

What is the best city to live in West Virginia? ›

Niche releases best places to live in WV in 2022
  • #6 Morgantown. Home of West Virginia University, Morgantown in Monongalia County is known for being full of young people and full of life. ...
  • #5 Winfield. ...
  • #4 Star City. ...
  • #3 Cheat Lake. ...
  • #2 Athens. ...
  • #1 Bridgeport.
14 Mar 2022

What part of West Virginia are the white family? ›

The Wild and Wonderful Whites of West Virginia is a 2009 documentary film directed by Julien Nitzberg, chronicling the White family of Boone County, West Virginia.

What accent does West Virginia have? ›

West Virginians participate in many dialects, with some variant of what is often called Appalachian English being heard in much of the state. While it is not spoken in all places nor by all West Virginians, this is what people think of when they think of a West Virginia dialect.

Is West Virginia a good place to live? ›

In general, West Virginia is a nice place to live. Most cities and towns of this state offer low cost of living, less crime, outdoor recreational opportunities, friendly people, beautiful scenery, quality jobs, and higher education facilities that give people to lead a more relaxed and chill pace of life.

Why is West Virginia so oddly shaped? ›

West Virginia is irregularly shaped because most of its borders follow natural features such as rivers and mountains. A narrow strip of land called the Northern Panhandle runs northward between Ohio and Pennsylvania, while the Eastern Panhandle runs northeastward between Maryland and Virginia.

Is West Virginia urban or rural? ›

West Virginia is a rural state. The majority of its 1.8 million residents live in communities of fewer than 2,500 people. Based on prevailing Office of Management and Budget and Census Bureau definitions, about two-thirds (64%) of West Virginians live in rural areas.

Who were the first settlers in West Virginia? ›

The location and date of the first settlement in West Virginia is uncertain. A settlement known as ''Potomoke'' in 1717 may have been at Shepherdstown. Morgan Morgan, a Welsh immigrant, however, has commonly been credited with making the first settlement in the state near Bunker Hill, Berkeley County, about 1731.

What is unique about West Virginia? ›

West Virginia is the only state in the Union to have acquired its statehood by proclamation of the President of the United States. West Virginia is the only state completely within the Appalachian Mountain range, aptly given the nickname the Mountain State. West Virginia is the third most forested state.

Why is Virginia not called East Virginia? ›

Because it was all Virginia for hundreds of years before West Virginia was formed. There is a Virginia Eastern Shore - that's the peninsula dangling flaccidly from Maryland's Eastern Shore.

Can US states secede? ›

In Texas v. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled unilateral secession unconstitutional, while commenting that revolution or consent of the states could lead to a successful secession.

What state had the most Civil War battles? ›

The Civil War was fought in thousands of different places, from southern Pennsylvania to Texas; from New Mexico to the Florida coast. The majority of the fighting took place in the states of Virginia and Tennessee.


1. David Adair on Secret SPACE TECHNOLOGY, Moon Anomalies, and ALIEN Engine at AREA 51
2. West Virginia in the Civil War
(American Battlefield Trust)
3. Unit 1 for SEP 425 Online at West Virginia University
(Sam Zizzi)
4. West Virginia Research Video Series - Michael Norton
(leigh taylor)
5. Art 100 intro video Fall 2022
(Art History & Appreciation in WV)
6. 2022 - 100 Civics Questions (2008 version) for the U.S. Citizenship Test
(Essa Group)
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