Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (2023)

What You’ll Learn:

  • What Are Planting Zones?
  • What Planting Zone Am I In?
  • What is Plant Hardiness?
  • Breakdown of Plant Hardiness Zones

What Are Planting Zones?

Planting zones are areas you can find on a growing zone map that show exactly which plants are best suited to thrive in your given area, or zone. When shopping for new plants for your garden landscape, the terms “plant hardiness zones,” “growing zones” and “planting zones” may at first seem a bit confusing. In essence, plant hardiness zones have been used by growers for years to simply identify the plants that are most likely to survive the winter in their area. Being able to understand a hardiness zone map means you’ll have a starting point for making wise planting decisions.

Temperature Range for Planting Zones

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (1)

Planting zones are broken down into thirteen areas, also known as USDA zones, which cover the entire United States, including Hawaii, Alaska and Puerto Rico. Each agricultural zone covers a 10-degree range. Zone 1 is the coldest, with an average minimum winter temperature of -60 to -50 degrees F, while the minimum winter average temperature in Zone 13 is 60 to 70 degrees F.

What Planting Zone Am I In?

Understanding gardening zones means you can focus your time and attention (not to mention money) on plants with the best chance of winter survival. Gilmour’s Interactive U.S. Planting Zone Map for 2019 combines data from the USDA with specific geographical information to provide a complete look at your growing area. Each of the 13 zones on our interactive planting zone map is broken down into two parts to give 5-degree increments in each zone. By asking what zone am I in and using an interactive growing zone map like ours, you may be pleasantly surprised, ultimately discovering you can grow many plants you might not have even considered!

Instead of simply assuming you are in a certain zone and thinking you already know what grows best, click on the major metros near you to see detailed information specific to your exact area. Individual zones are no longer simply just bands that go across the country. Detailed sections are now based on multiple factors.

Click on your state to reveal a basic overview, including the state flower, a list of major metro areas, gardening zones and an overview of climate. By clicking your closest metro area, you’ll find even more detailed information to help make your gardening decisions.

At the metro level, you’ll be able to access:

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (2)

What is Plant Hardiness?

Plant hardiness is the ability of a plant to survive adverse growing climates such as drought, flooding, heat and cold. The science behind plant hardiness can be complicated. Plant genetics determine the ability of a plant to withstand cold temperatures without damage. Each cultivar of a plant may have different hardiness levels based on their adaptations and genetics. Even different parts of a plant may be hardy in different ways. For example, the cold may cause your beloved perennial to die; however, the roots might be hardy enough to bring new growth in the spring.

Many plants require very specific growing environments to thrive. You can adjust many things, such as soil type, moisture levels and amount of sunlight in your garden, but temperature can be hard to control. Choosing plants with hardiness levels appropriate to specific planting zones gives you the best chance of gardening and landscaping success.

Breakdown of Plant Hardiness Zones

In the simplest terms, USDA hardiness zones keep a grower in Alaska from making the mistake of planting peach trees. Understanding the different plant hardiness zones gives you the ability to narrow down your gardening choices. Keep in mind, when a plant is hardy to a specific zone, it will usually perform well at any zone number that’s higher as well. For example, most plants hardy to Zone 3 will perform well in Zone 7, as long as other plant requirements are met. Use the information about individual growing zones as a starting point for planning what to plant in your garden. Scroll to read more about each hardiness planting zone or jump directly to your zone using the links below:

Zone 1 | Zone 2 | Zone 3 | Zone 4 | Zone 5 | Zone 6 | Zone 7 | Zone 8 | Zone 9 | Zone 10 | Zone 11 | Zone 12

Planting Zone 1

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 1 is the coldest zone designation for the United States. With minimum average temperatures between -60 to -50 degrees F, it can be a difficult zone for gardening. The majority of Zone 1 is located in Alaska. This tundra environment is extremely harsh and plants must have extreme cold hardiness and drought tolerance.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (3)

Temperature in Zone 1

Zone 1 can expect minimum average temperatures of -60 to -50 degrees F
Zone 1a has a minimum average temperature of -60 to -55 degrees F
Zone 1b has a minimum average temperature of -55 to -50 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 1?

Planting in Zone 1 can be quite challenging. Plants able to withstand the tundra are rare. Native plants have already adapted to the area, so it makes sense that they’re a natural, excellent choice. Annuals are also a popular option, since they don’t need to survive the winter. While there are relatively few non-native perennials suitable for Zone 1, some can be grown with proper planting and care.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 1

Because most vegetables are grown as annuals, you don’t have to consider the cold hardiness of the vegetables as much as the length of the growing season. Giving plants a head start indoors or in a greenhouse typically results in better success for Zone 1 vegetables.

Popular Zone 1 vegetables include:

  • Beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Kale
  • Lettuce
  • Potatoes
  • Radish
  • Spinach
  • Sweet Peas
  • Tomatoes

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 1

Very few fruit trees are hardy enough to survive the extreme cold of Zone 1. Given the correct conditions, however, the following may be able to thrive:

  • Chokecherry
  • End apple
  • Fort Mac Mac apple
  • Haskap
  • September Ruby apple

Herbs to Grow in Zone 1

Almost any herb can be grown as an annual in Zone 1. Consider planting these as annual herbs:

  • Basil
  • Chives
  • Mint
  • Oregano
  • Rosemary
  • Thyme

Flowers to Grow in Zone 1

Flowers for Zone 1 should be drought-tolerant and tremendously cold hardy. The most popular growing choices include:

  • Arrowhead
  • Delphinium
  • Goldenrod
  • Sunflower
  • Lily of the Valley
  • Oxeye Daisy
  • Yarrow

Planting Zone 2

Located in both Alaska and the continental United States, planting Zone 2 features extremely cold average minimum temperatures of between -50 to -40 degrees F. These temperatures can present a growing challenge to many gardeners. High winds and drought conditions are found in both the tundra and plains of Zone 2. Planting native plants, growing annuals and using creative planting techniques give gardeners a growing advantage.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (4)

Temperature in Zone 2

Zone 2 can expect minimum average temperatures of -50 to -40 degrees F
Zone 2a has a minimum average temperature of -50 to -45 degrees F
Zone 2b has a minimum average temperature of -45 to -40 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

(Video) Find Your Plant Hardiness Zone | Backyard Smart: Know Your Zone | YouTube

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 2?

Plants in Zone 2 must be able to withstand extreme cold and high levels of drought. Native plants are best adapted to the environment. Annuals are best suited for this zone, but some perennials can be grown when chosen carefully.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 2

There are very few perennial vegetables able to withstand the extreme cold of Zone 2. Although, with added protection, it can be possible to grow asparagus as a perennial. Look for annual vegetables with a short growing season for the best results. In addition to Zone 1 vegetables, consider planting:

  • Carrots
  • Mustard greens
  • Onions
  • Parsnips
  • Swiss chard

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 2

There are a few options for fruit trees in Zone 2. Carefully considering the planting location will help ensure success. Zone 2 hardy fruit varieties include:

  • Brookgold plum
  • Fall Red apple
  • Fofonoff plum
  • Garrington Chokecherry
  • Korean pine
  • Minnesota 1734 apple
  • Norkent apple
  • Parkland apple
  • Pembina plum

Herbs to Grow in Zone 2

Zone 2 is ideal for growing annual herbs, either replanted or from self-sowing plants. The following herbs are considered cold hardy for Zone 2:

  • Hyssop
  • Juniper
  • Turkestan Rose

Flowers to Grow in Zone 2

Native plants are your best option for tender perennials in Zone 2. However, many gardeners have success by matching plants from similar environments. Consider planting:

  • Bleeding Heart
  • Monkshood
  • Penstemon
  • Poppy
  • Primrose
  • Sea Holly
  • Violet

Planting Zone 3

Plant hardiness Zone 3 is found throughout Alaska, the northern portions of the United States and in high altitude areas. This zone features minimum average temperatures of -40 to -30 degrees F. Depending on the geographical location of your growing space, high winds, extreme cold and low moisture may affect growing conditions.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (5)

Temperature in Zone 3

Zone 3 can expect minimum average temperatures of -40 to -30 degrees F
Zone 3a has a minimum average temperature of -40 to -35 degrees F
Zone 3b has a minimum average temperature of -35 to -30 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 3?

The cold minimum average temperatures in Zone 3 limits plant choices to those that have adapted to low temperatures. Most native plants can be grown across the zone, regardless of altitude, as long as growing conditions are similar. The short growing season limits vegetable and flowering annuals, but you can extend the growing season by starting plants indoors or purchasing from a greenhouse.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 3

The short growing season, combined with low soil temperatures, limits vegetable gardens in Zone 3. Adding row covers can help extend the growing season and warm the ground. Plant vegetables that quickly mature to beat early frosts. In addition to Zone 1 and 2 hardy plants, consider planting:

  • Asparagus
  • Celery
  • Cucumbers
  • Summer squash
  • Winter squash

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 3

There are many trees well suited to Zone 3. Popular fruit tree options include:

  • Cupid cherry
  • Dolgo crabapple
  • Early Gold pear
  • Evans cherry
  • Golden Spice pear
  • Goodland apple
  • Sweet Sixteen apple
  • Toka plum
  • Waneta plum
  • Westcot apricot

Herbs to Grow in Zone 3

In addition to annual herbs, herbs hardy enough for Zone 3 include:

  • Caraway
  • Catnip
  • English chamomile
  • French sorrel
  • Garlic
  • Horseradish
  • Parsley
  • Peppermint

Flowers to Grow in Zone 3

There are a number of flowers hardy enough to withstand the cold temperatures of Zone 3. Popular choices include:

  • Alpine Rockcress
  • Aster
  • Blanket Flower
  • Liatris varieties
  • Salvia
  • Snow-in-Summer
  • Spurge
  • Virginia Bluebells
  • Wallflower

Planting Zone 4

Planting Zone 4 covers the southern coastal areas of Alaska, northern areas of the United States and high elevations found in the western mountains. These unique climates share minimum average temperatures of between -30 to -20 degrees F. Planting in this zone is less challenging than in colder zones, but the short growing season impacts both vegetables and flower bloom times.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (6)

Temperature in Zone 4

Zone 4 can expect minimum average temperatures of -30 to -20 degrees F
Zone 4a has a minimum average temperature of -30 to -25 degrees F
Zone 4b has a minimum average temperature of -25 to -20 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 4?

Zone 4 is considered a cool climate suitable for growing plants hardy enough to withstand temperatures well below freezing. To combat the typically short growing season, gardeners can get a head start by starting plants indoors or purchasing starts from a greenhouse. Adding a good layer of mulch and taking preventative winter measures can help some plants survive the cold winters.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 4

As a perennial vegetable, rhubarb is hardy to Zone 4. If started indoors, you can also add the following plants to your vegetable gardens:

  • Eggplant
  • Melons
  • Okra
  • Pumpkins

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 4

There are many cold hardy fruit trees appropriate for planting in Zone 4, including:

  • Alderman plum
  • Alexander apple
  • Buartnut
  • Butternut
  • Ewing blue plum
  • Nova pear
  • Railroad apple
  • Summercrisp pear
  • Trent apple

Herbs to Grow in Zone 4

Many herbs become hardy to Zone 4 with nothing more than an application of mulch during the winter months, including:

  • Angelica
  • Bee balm
  • Garden sage
  • Lemon balm
  • Mountain mint
  • Thyme
  • Winter savory

Flowers to Grow in Zone 4

There are several perennial flowers native to Zone 4 areas that are hardy even in the coldest of winters. If you’re planning for Zone 4, consider these flowers:

  • Coneflower
  • Daylily
  • Iris
  • Phlox
  • Plantain lily (Hostas)

Planting Zone 5

Plant hardiness Zone 5 includes the southern coastal region of Alaska, the North Central United States and portions of New England. With minimum average temperatures between -20 and -10 degrees F, this zone experiences a moderately cold winter. While the growing season is short, you can extend it by using cold frames or using started plants in your annual garden.

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Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (7)

Temperature in Zone 5

Zone 5 can expect minimum average temperatures of -20 to -10 degrees F
Zone 5a has a minimum average temperature of -20 to -15 degrees F
Zone 5b has a minimum average temperature of -15 to -10 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 5?

Zone 5 gardens feature a wide range of environments. From coastal waters and woodlands to the wide plains of the Midwest, plants should not only be cold hardy, but they also need to match the growing environment. Gardens feature longer growing seasons that result in an increased vegetable harvest and extended blooms in landscaping.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 5

Raised beds and row covers help to warm the soil in Zone 5 for a longer growing season. After spring greens are planted, fast-maturing crops are then planted. Depending on your area, some cool season vegetables may be repeated in late summer for a fall harvest, including:

  • Kale
  • Lettuce
  • Radishes
  • Spinach
  • Winter greens

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 5

Many fruit trees are hardy to Zone 5, including:

  • Harrow Delight pear
  • Honeycrisp apple
  • Native pawpaw trees
  • Pink Lady apple
  • Snow Beauty peach
  • Superior plum
  • Warren pear

Herbs to Grow in Zone 5

Perennial herbs hardy for Zone 5 gardens include:

  • Hybrid mints
  • Large-flowered calamint
  • Lavender

Flowers to Grow in Zone 5

With the proper planting and care, many perennial flowers are hardy enough to survive the cold winters of Zone 5, including:

  • Baptisia
  • Black-eyed Susan
  • Campanula
  • Cinquefoil
  • Russian Sage

Planting Zone 6

USDA Hardiness Zone 6 covers a large portion of the United States. Known as a generally mild climate, the average minimum winter temperature is between -10 to 0 degrees F. With cold winter and mild-to-hot summers, you have many growing options in Zone 6.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (8)

Temperature in Zone 6

Zone 6 can expect minimum average temperatures of -10 to -0 degrees F
Zone 6a has a minimum average temperature of -10 to -5 degrees F
Zone 6b has a minimum average temperature of -5 to -0 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 6?

Zone 6 features many plants ideal for gardening and landscaping. Seed companies, nurseries and garden centers offer Zone 6 gardeners countless options. In many areas, spring, summer and fall blooms and vegetables are all possible.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 6

In Zone 6, the extended garden season and hotter summer temperatures make growing a wide variety of vegetables popular. Temperatures remain cool enough for rhubarb and asparagus, but get warm enough for melons and watermelon. Look to plant vegetables according to the length of the growing season. Vegetables that tend to do well are:

  • Bush beans
  • Butter lettuce
  • Indeterminate tomatoes
  • Longer season melons
  • Winter squash

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 6

Peaches perform especially well in Zone 6. Some varieties to try are:

  • Jefferson
  • Late Crawford
  • Loring
  • Madison
  • Nectar
  • Red Globe

Herbs to Grow in Zone 6

Due to warm springs, herbs that reseed themselves are often popular Zone 6 choices. These include:

  • Borage
  • Coriander
  • Dill
  • False chamomile
  • Oregano

Flowers to Grow in Zone 6

Because Zone 6 features distinct seasons of spring, summer and fall, flowers are available and will bloom for several months. In addition to cold hardy flowers such as pansies and snapdragons, extend your growing season by planting:

  • False sunflower
  • Floribunda rose
  • Flowering fern
  • Japanese Bottlebrush
  • Lady’s Mantle
  • Sedum

Planting Zone 7

Planting Zone 7 reaches across approximately 15 U.S. states. This zone features cool winters with average minimum temperatures falling between 0 to 10 degrees F. Gardens in this zone have multiple plant options from seed catalogues, local home stores, nurseries and greenhouses.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (9)

Temperature in Zone 7

Zone 7 can expect minimum average temperatures of 0 to 10 degrees F
Zone 7a has a minimum average temperature of 0 to 5 degrees F
Zone 7b has a minimum average temperature of 5 to 10 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 7?

Zone 7 contains many different growing climates, from the Eastern coastal areas through the Oklahoma prairies to the arid regions of the southwest and up into the forests of Oregon and Washington. The region’s wide variety in climates means that other considerations often need to be made to accommodate for drought tolerance and to adequately adjust soil conditions. Many Zone 7 hardy plants can be grown successfully in multiple locations with adjustments made to address their specific needs.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 7

Frost and early spring cold snaps can damage young vegetables. Providing row covers or cold frames can help protect against early spring or late fall damage. The long, hot summers, combined with the milder winters provide ideal growing temperatures for almost all vegetables. Although artichoke can be grown as an annual starting in Zone 4, in Zone 7 this decorative and edible plant becomes a perennial favorite. Add to your planting list:

  • Arugula
  • Hot peppers
  • Long growing season vegetables
  • Sweet peppers
  • Turnips

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 7

A wide variety of fruit trees produce well in Zone 7, including:

  • Bing cherry
  • Blue Java banana
  • Contender peach
  • Cortland apple
  • Fuji apple
  • Fuyu persimmon
  • Granny Smith apple
  • Moorpark apricot
  • Ozark plum
  • Parker pear
  • Rainier Sweet cherry
  • Red Gold nectarine
  • Scout apricot
  • Stella cherry
  • Turkey fig
  • Wide variety of mulberries, elderberries and pawpaw trees

Herbs to Grow in Zone 7

In addition to most annual herbs, a wide variety of perennial herbs survive well in Zone 7. Although some varieties of rosemary are Zone 7 hardy, they don’t perform as well as in warmer climates. Herbs to consider adding to your Zone 7 garden include:

  • Feverfew
  • Marjoram
  • Rue
  • Sage
  • Tarragon

Flowers to Grow in Zone 7

The hot summers in Zone 7 allow for the bloom of most flowering annuals. In addition, many perennials are considered hardy to Zone 7, including:

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  • Butterfly weed
  • Candytuft
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Clematis
  • Forget-me-not
  • Four O’clock
  • Painted daisy
  • Peony

Planting Zone 8

Zone 8 is considered one of the warmest plant hardiness zones for a large portion of the southern United States. Extending up the western coast, Zone 8 features average minimum winter temperatures of 10 to 20 degrees F. With hot summers and mild winters, growers typically enjoy a long planting season.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (10)

Temperature in Zone 8

Zone 8 can expect minimum average temperatures of 10 to 20 degrees
Zone 8a has a minimum average temperature of 10 to 15 degrees F
Zone 8b has a minimum average temperature of 15 to 20 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 8?

Plants hardy for Zone 8 love mild winters and long, hot summers. With a wide range of moisture and sunlight requirements, growers should narrow down a potential plant list first by zone, and then by specific growing climates.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 8

Many gardeners in Zone 8 grow vegetables three times a year, especially with the aid of cold frames and row covers. Cool weather plants like spinach, lettuce and peas can be grown in both the spring and the fall. Even your summer vegetable harvest can be extended by planting every two weeks. Vegetables that thrive in the summer heat of Zone 8 include:

  • Bolt resistant lettuce varieties
  • Cantaloupe
  • Field peas
  • Hot peppers
  • Okra
  • Tomatoes
  • Watermelon

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 8

Many fruit trees are hardy to both the mild winters and hot summers of Zone 8, including:

  • Abacá banana
  • Alma fig
  • Anna apple
  • Bronze banana
  • Bryan apricot
  • Clementine tangerine
  • Darjeeling banana
  • Gala apple
  • Jujube varieties
  • Kumquat and Limequat varieties
  • Marsh grapefruit
  • Meyer lemon
  • Montmorency cherry
  • Multiple varieties of peaches and plums
  • Ruby grapefruit
  • Washington orange

Herbs to Grow in Zone 8

Many of the herbs hardy to Zone 8 are native to Mediterranean areas. They thrive in long, hot summers and are often drought resistant. Consider adding these herbs to your Zone 8 herb garden:

  • Bay laurel
  • Marjoram
  • Mexican oregano
  • Rosemary
  • Sage

Flowers to Grow in Zone 8

Zone 8 flowers should be able to stand up to the heat of the hot summers. Providing shade and plenty of moisture can help push your flowers through the hottest of days. Flowers well suited for Zone 8 gardens include:

  • Asiatic lily
  • Hardy geranium
  • Lantana
  • Mexican petunia
  • Phlox

Planting Zone 9

Planting Zone 9 is considered a year-round planting zone. Located in California, Arizona, Texas, Florida and along the Gulf of Mexico coast, this zone features warm winters and hot summers. With an average minimum winter temperature of 20 to 30 degrees F, Zone 9 features active gardens throughout the entire year.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (11)

Temperature in Zone 9

Zone 9 can expect minimum average temperatures of 20 to 30 degrees F
Zone 9a has a minimum average temperature of 20 to 25 degrees F
Zone 9b has a minimum average temperature of 25 to 30 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 9?

Long, hot summers and mild winter conditions make the heat more of an issue than the cold in this zone. Tropical plants with low water requirements thrive in Zone 9. Because of the extreme heat, spring gardening begins much earlier and fall gardens produce much longer than in other zones.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 9

Although the growing season in Zone 9 extends over 9 months, you shouldn’t expect a continuous supply of summer veggies. The extreme heat of the summer breaks the vegetable garden season into winter, spring and fall gardening, versus the stereotypical summer gardening. Most areas will only produce peppers, okra and extremely heat-tolerant vegetables during August. However, you’ll likely be able to grow the following vegetables throughout the winter:

  • Broccoli
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Greens
  • Spinach

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 9

Instead of considering the cold hardiness, growers in Zone 9 actually need to consider the heat tolerance of certain plants. Apples, pears, peaches and cherries require colder weather than Zone 9 provides. Instead of these popular fruit options, consider planting the following citrus and tropical fruit trees:

  • Avocado
  • Calamondin
  • Giant pumelo
  • Hardy kiwi
  • Mandarin orange
  • Olives
  • Passionfruit
  • Starfruit
  • Trifoliate orange

Herbs to Grow in Zone 9

Certain cool season herbs, such as cilantro and parsley, may be grown throughout the winter in Zone 9. Other herbs that tolerate the heat well include:

  • Basil
  • Bay laurel
  • Chives
  • Coriander
  • Lemon thyme
  • Marjoram
  • Mint

Flowers to Grow in Zone 9

Zone 9 flower gardens will showcase blooms year-round. Cold-hardy plants perform well during the mild winters, while tropical perennials are the centerpieces of long, hot summers. Zone 9 flowering plants include:

  • Black-eyed Susan
  • Canna
  • Dahlia
  • Hydrangea
  • Rhododendrons
  • Wisteria
  • Zinnia

Planting Zone 10

Southern inland California, southern Florida and Hawaii are the three small areas where the average minimum winter temperature only falls between 30 to 40 degrees F. The ability of Zone 10 gardeners to avoid freezing temperatures is a huge bonus for winter gardening, but the extreme heat of the summer months limits planting possibilities.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (12)

Temperature in Zone 10

Zone 10 can expect minimum average temperatures of 30 to 40 degrees F
Zone 10a has a minimum average temperature of 30 to 35 degrees F
Zone 10b has a minimum average temperature of 35 to 40 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 10?

Tropical plants top the list for what grows well in Zone 10. With few frosts, the high heat and humidity of summer can become a major concern for growers.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 10

Cool season crops, including lettuces, radishes and peas, can be grown in Zone 10 during the winter with little fear of cold damage. Summer vegetables must be able to handle the long, hot days of summer. Consider including these vegetables in your Zone 10 garden:

  • Bitter melon
  • Jicama
  • Peanuts
  • Malabar spinach
  • Tomatillos

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 10

Zone 10 is an ideal growing zone for many exotic fruit trees, including:

  • Allspice tree
  • Apple guava
  • Carica papaya
  • Dwarf Cavendish banana
  • Jackfruit tree
  • June plum
  • Soursop tree

Herbs to Grow in Zone 10

The heat of summer in Zone 10 is ideal for growing a few unique herbs, such as:

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  • Curry leaf
  • Galangal
  • Ginger
  • Mexican tarragon
  • Miracle fruit

Flowers to Grow in Zone 10

Tropical plants survive the mild winters and hot summers of Zone 10 with ease. Some beautiful additions to your flower garden may include:

  • Aeoniums
  • Agave
  • African lily
  • Delta maidenhair fern
  • Floss flower
  • Geraniums
  • Hummingbird mint
  • Ornamental onion
  • Peruvian lily
  • Various aloes

Planting Zone 11

Planting Zone 11 is found in Hawaii, the Florida Keys, Puerto Rico and a few small areas of the Continental United States. This extremely warm zone features mellow winters with an average minimum winter temperature of between 40 to 50 degrees F. Cold hardiness is not a factor in this zone, since it has zero frost days. Instead, growers here must consider the impact heat has on their planting choices.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (13)

Temperature in Zone 11

Zone 11 can expect minimum average temperatures of 40 to 50 degrees F
Zone 11a has a minimum average temperature of 40 to 45 degrees F
Zone 11b has a minimum average temperature of 45 to 50 degrees F
Each of the two subzones can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 11?

Tropical plants are the highlight of Zone 11. With long, hot summers and warm winters, Zone 11 growers need to look for plants that are heat tolerant. Traditionally cold season plants, such as pansies and spinach, will have a limited growing season in the even the coolest part of winter here (which is rarely cold at all). Plants native to the area have the best chance of surviving the heat of summer.

Vegetables to Grow in Zone 11

Vegetables often started in late spring or early summer can be planted in late winter in Zone 11. Gardening happens year-round with the rotation of plants according to the temperature. A few cool season vegetables appropriate for winter gardening in Zone 11 include:

  • Beets
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Kale
  • Radishes
  • Sweet Peas
  • Swiss chard

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zone 11

Most citrus and tropical fruits thrive in Zone 11. Some exotic choices include:

  • Jaboticaba
  • Macadamia
  • Mango
  • Moringa tree
  • Natal plum
  • Sea grape

Herbs to Grow in Zone 11

Growing herbs in Zone 11 can be difficult because of the extreme heat of summer. Many will not produce seeds due to the heat, so they must be planted as annuals during the cooler months. Some herbs you can begin planting in early spring include:

  • Basil
  • Chives
  • Lemongrass
  • Mexican oregano
  • Mint
  • Thyme

Flowers to Grow in Zone 11

The mild winters of Zone 11 allow for the growth of many cool season flowers without any worry of frost. However, these flowers usually wither away under the extreme summer temperatures. Flowers able to withstand the long, hot summers of Zone 11 include:

  • Anemone coronaria
  • Begonias
  • Bougainvillea
  • Drumstick allium
  • Kangaroo paw
  • Ponytail palm

Planting Zones 12 and 13

Planting Zones 12 and 13 are not found in the continental United States, but are located in both Hawaii and Puerto Rico. These two plant hardiness zones are extremely warm, tropical environments that are best suited for plants tolerant of intense heat. With the average minimum winter temperature between 50 and 70 degrees F, Zones 12 and 13, the warmest of all the USDA hardiness zones, feature tropical plants and exotic fruits.

Planting Zones Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Growing Zone (14)

Temperatures in Zone 12 and 13

Zone 12 can expect minimum average temperatures of 50 to 60 degrees F
Zone 12a has a minimum average temperature of 50 to 55 degrees F
Zone 12b has a minimum average temperature of 55 to 60 degrees F

Zone 13 can expect minimum average temperatures of 60 to 70 degrees F
Zone 13a has a minimum average temperature of 60 to 65 degrees F
Zone 13b has a minimum average temperature of 65 to 70 degrees F
The subzones in both Zones 12 and 13 can experience harsher temperatures depending on weather conditions.

What Plants Can I Grow in Zone 12 and 13?

Heat tolerance and maximum germination temperatures become an issue in Zones 12 and 13. Tropical plants are the key to gardening and landscaping in the extreme heat of both these zones. Growers germinate indoors, purchase plants from nurseries and grow many vegetables during the cooler winter months.

Vegetables to Grow in Zones 12 and 13

Almost all vegetables can be grown in Zones 12 and 13 by simply planting during cooler months and by using shade and irrigation to reduce heat. Planting summer vegetables early will bring a harvest in late June or early July. The late summer monsoon season often brings relief from the heat and generally provides another chance for planting. Look for plants that are heat and drought tolerant and have a short growing season, such as:

  • Bush beans
  • Eggplant
  • Hot peppers
  • Summer squashes
  • Tomatoes

Fruit Trees to Grow in Zones 12 and 13

Exotic fruits native to extremely hot climates are ideal for growing in Zones 12 and 13. Consider planting these unique fruit trees:

  • African apricot
  • African breadfruit
  • Ackee
  • Alupag
  • Amazon tree-grape
  • Bacuri cascudo
  • Bignay
  • Black pepper
  • Imbe
  • Java Olive
  • Tropical almond

Herbs to Grow in Zones 12 and 13

Just like vegetables, growing herbs in Zones 12 and 13 requires planning and plenty of moisture. Look for heat-tolerant options, such as:

  • Borage
  • Cilantro
  • Culantro
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Savory

Flowers to Grow in Zones 12 and 13

With the proper care, many tropical plants will bloom beautifully in this hot climate. Consider planting flowers from the following tropical families:

  • Musaceae
  • Strelitziaceae
  • Heliconia
  • Zingiberaceae
  • Costaceae
  • Cannaceae
  • Marantaceae
  • Lowiaceae

No matter what zone you live in one thing is certain, you’ll need watering equipment. Gilmour offers the best quality in lawn and garden watering equipment you can find.

Hoses | Nozzles | Sprinklers | Watering Timers | Connectors

FAQs

What zone is Myrtle Beach South Carolina? ›

In Myrtle Beach, we are in zone 8b according to the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map.

What zone is Milwaukee Wisconsin? ›

While Milwaukee is located in zone 5, most of the city lies in zone 5b. The USDA's map divides the nation into thirteen main zones and has been updated through the years as new weather data indicated climate change.

What zone is Corpus Christi Texas? ›

Corpus Christi, Texas is located in USDA Hardiness Zone 9.

What zone is Charlotte NC? ›

Since Charlotte falls into Zone 7 of the USDA Hardiness scale, it means you can usually start planting your veggie garden at the beginning of February so long as those veggies are the cold-loving variety.

What zone is coastal South Carolina? ›

Almost the entirety of South Carolina is zone 8 (subdivided into a and b, b is warmer) with small outlier pockets of 7 and 9. Contrast that with some western states.

What plant growing zone is South Carolina? ›

South Carolina growing zones fall between 7a and 9a, depending on location. Local nurseries can help determine the plants that will do best in whichever South Carolina planting zone you are in.

What zone is Wisconsin in for growing plants? ›

Wisconsin has three cold hardiness zones – Zone 3 (Northwestern WI), Zone 4 (North, Central, Western WI) and Zone 5 (Southern and eastern WI up past Green Bay and Apostle Islands).

Where is zone 9 in the US? ›

Zone 9 includes central Florida, southern Louisiana and Texas and stretches up the west coast in a narrow band on the western coast of California. Zone 10 encompasses south Florida, southeast California, the southernmost tip of Texas, and much of Hawaii.

Where is zone 6 in the United States? ›

It stretches south and west through Ohio, Kentucky, Kansas, and even parts of New Mexico and Arizona before turning northwest up through Utah and Nevada, ending in Washington state. If you live in zone 6, you may be scoffing at the idea of lows like this because you're used to warmer or colder temperatures.

What is my growing zone in Texas? ›

Texas Gardening ZoneUSDA Hardiness Zoneavg minimum temp
Zone IZone 6-10 to 0 F
Zone IIZone 70 to 10 F
Zone IIIZone 810 to 20 F
Zone IVZone 9A20 to 25 F
1 more row

What zone is San Antonio for plants? ›

San Antonio's temperatures mean that it has multiple USDA Plant Hardiness Zones, both USDA Zone 8b and Zone 9a.

What growing zone is Central Texas? ›

Many areas of the country are now in a warmer USDA zone than they were on the old map, but most of Central Texas remains unchanged. We're still Zone 8b, which means that our average lowest winter temperature is 15 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit.

What is my planting zone in NC? ›

There are three zones (6, 7, 8) in North Carolina that increase as you move east across the state. Most of the mountains are in zone 6, while the piedmont and the northeastern coastal plain region are in zone 7. The southeast area of the state is in zone 8.

Is North Carolina zone 7b? ›

North Carolina averages plant hardiness zone of 8a (with average winter temps from 10° F to 15° F) to a zone of 6a (with temps of -10° to -5°). Let's look at the Triangle area a little more closely. The average extreme minimum winter temperature of the Triangle area is 5° to 10°, which is Zone 7b.

What zone is Raleigh NC? ›

Raleigh, North Carolina is in USDA Hardiness Zones 7b and 8a.

What can you plant in March in South Carolina? ›

Season of Planting
CropPlanting Date RangePlanting Date Range
CantaloupeMar 15 to May 15Apr 15 to Jun 5
CarrotsFeb 1 to Mar 15Feb 15 to Mar 31
Cauliflower 1Mar 1 to Apr 10Mar 20 to Apr 30
CollardsFeb 1 to Jun 15Mar 15 to Jun 30
41 more rows
12 Feb 2021

What zone is Greenville SC in? ›

Greenville County lies between U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 7A, 7B, and 8A. Greenville itself is almost all located within zone 8A.

What flowers grow well in Myrtle Beach SC? ›

We've included several plants that can handle coastal living, but check out South Carolina Native Plant Society's full list of plants.
  • Bee balm (Monarda didyma) ...
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) ...
  • Azalea (Rhododendron) ...
  • Inkberry (Ilex glabra) ...
  • Royal fern (Osmunda regalis) ...
  • Wax myrtle (Morella cerifera)
30 Jan 2022

What zone is Columbia SC? ›

Columbia, South Carolina is in USDA Hardiness Zones 8a.

Can you grow year round in South Carolina? ›

South Carolina grows a wonderfully wide variety of produce, and because of the mild climate, is able to harvest year-round.

What can you grow in fall and winter in South Carolina? ›

COOL-SEASON VEGETABLES
  • Beet.
  • Broccoli.
  • Brussel Sprouts.
  • Cabbage.
  • Carrot.
  • Cauliflower.
  • Collards.
  • Lettuce.

Where are zones 9 through 11 in the United States? ›

Zones 9 to 11 in the United States encompass such areas as Texas, California, Louisiana, Florida, and other southern areas of the states. Their characteristics regarding water vary, however, which is also a consideration when choosing plants.

What state is in Zone 4? ›

This zone covers sections of Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, NEvada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Where is zone 12 in the United States? ›

In the United States, most of the warmer zones (zones 9, 10, and 11) are located in the deep southern half of the country and on the southern coastal margins. Higher zones can be found in Hawaii (up to 12) and Puerto Rico (up to 13).

Where is zone 8 in the United States? ›

In North America, Zone 8 is one of the warmest zones, containing much of the southern quarter of the United States, including much of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas, Arizona, California, and coastal Oregon and Washington.

Where is zone 10 in the United States? ›

Zone 10 of the map includes equatorial parts of North America, including southern California, southern Florida, and Hawaii. There are two subsets of Zone 10: 10a and 10b.

Can you grow plants all year in Zone 9? ›

The mild temperatures of Zones 9-11 allow gardeners the opportunity to grow vegetable and ornamental gardens all year long.

Where is Zone 5 in the United States? ›

Where Is USDA Zone 5? Zone 5 starts in the Northeastern United States (including parts of New England, like Maine and New Hampshire, and mid-Atlantic states like New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia). It extends across the northern part of the Central US (including Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Wisconsin).

What plants do best in Zone 6? ›

Asters, astilbe, bee balm, cannas, coneflowers, crocus, daffodils, delphiniums, glads, hibiscus, hostas, hyacinths, irises, lilies, peonies, phlox, salvia, sedum, tulips and yarrow are among the Zone 6 plants we recommend.

Why do they call it Zone 6? ›

The slang term “Zone 6” (also spelled Zone Six) is a noun which is used to reference a zone in Atlanta. Zone 6 means the Eastside of Atlanta. The slang term “Zone 6” has been used by Childish Gambino, Future, 21 Savage, and many more rappers.

Is North Texas zone 8? ›

(The National Arbor Day Foundation hardiness zone map was also updated to reflect recent climate warming trends and has subsequently expanded Zone 8 to include all of North Central Texas.)

What zone is Dallas TX? ›

Dallas, Texas is located in USDA Hardiness Zone 8.

What grow zone is Houston Texas? ›

Houston, Texas is located in USDA Hardiness Zone 9.

What can I plant now in South Texas? ›

Things to plant starting in Mar.:
  • Cucumber: Mar. 1–Apr. ...
  • Pepper transplants: Mar. 1–May 1.
  • Squash, winter and summer: Mar. 1–May 15.
  • Watermelon – Mar. 1–May 1.
  • Beans, bush: Mar. 5–May 5.
  • Beans, lima: Mar. 5–Apr. ...
  • Beans, pole or pinto: Mar. 15–May 1.
  • Cantaloupe: Mar. 15–May 1.

What zone is New Braunfels? ›

New Braunfels, Texas is in USDA Hardiness Zones 8b.

What zone is Austin Texas? ›

Austin, Texas is located in USDA Hardiness Zone 8.

What is the easiest plant to grow in Texas? ›

No Green Thumb? 8 Low-Maintenance Plants that Thrive in North Texas
  1. Spider Plant. As one of the easiest plants to grow, you should have no trouble with a Spider Plant. ...
  2. Black-Eyed Susan. ...
  3. Desert Savoir. ...
  4. Fall Aster. ...
  5. Purple Coneflower. ...
  6. Cast-Iron Plant. ...
  7. Copper Canyon Daisy. ...
  8. Perilla.
10 Dec 2018

What is the easiest crop to grow in Texas? ›

Beets, lettuce, mustard greens, radish, and carrots are all frost-tolerant veggies that can survive temperatures as low as 32°F and will do nicely in a fall vegetable garden in Texas. Once you plant your seeds, they need to be watered daily for two weeks until the roots are mature enough to support plant growth.

Is Central Texas subtropical? ›

Generally speaking, the part of Texas that lies to the east of Interstate 35 is subtropical, while the portion that lies to the west of Interstate 35 is arid desert.

How many zones are in NC? ›

The State of North Carolina operates eight administrative regions known as Prosperity Zones.

What is zoned NC? ›

The intent of the neighborhood commercial (NC) zone district is: A. To establish and preserve areas suitable for transitional uses between more intensive commercial activities and residential uses.

What temperate zone is NC? ›

Most of North Carolina's climate is a humid subtropical climate with the exception of the Appalachians, which have a subtropical highland climate.

What is the difference between 7a and 7b? ›

Hardiness Zone 7's coldest temperatures fall between zero and ten degrees Fahrenheit. It's subdivided into Zone 7a—encompassing territories with zero- to five-degree temperatures—and Zone 7b—encompassing territories with five- to ten-degree temperatures.

What does 7a and 7b mean? ›

That means for zone 7: Zone 7: The overall zone has a minimum average of temperatures of 0° to 10°F. Zone 7a: This subzone has a minimum average temperature of 0° to 5° F. Zone 7b: This subzone has a minimum average temperature of 5° to 10°F.

What grows best in hardiness zone 7b? ›

Zone 7. In zone 7, cool-weather vegetables can usually be planted outdoors in early February. These crops include beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, lettuce, onions, peas, potatoes, radishes, spinach, turnips, kale and collards.

What plant zone is Cary NC? ›

Cary, North Carolina is in USDA Hardiness Zones 7b.

What climate zone is Wake County NC? ›

Wake County, North Carolina is in USDA Hardiness Zones 7b and 8a.

What is R 4 zoning in Raleigh? ›

They can range from low density, such as single-family homes in a Residential-4 (R-4) district permitting up to four units per acre of land, to a moderate density Residential-10 (R-10) district, which permits up to ten units per acre of land.

What does Zone 6a 6b mean? ›

Zone 6 has two subzones: 6a and 6b. Zone 6a has an average minimum temperature of negative five to negative ten degrees Fahrenheit. Zone 6b experiences minimum temperatures of zero to negative five degrees Fahrenheit.

What's the difference between Zone 4 and 4a? ›

Zone 4 Subset Temperatures

That means for Zone 4: Zone 4: There is a minimum average temperature of -20°F to -30°F for Zone 4. Zone 4a: There is a minimum average temperature of -25°F to -30°F for Zone 4. Zone 4b: There is a minimum average temperature of -20°F to -25°F for Zone 4.

What is the difference between Zone 5 and 5a? ›

For Zone 5, the temperature range is: Zone 5: The minimum average range of temperatures is -10° to -20°F. Zone 5a: This subzone has a minimum average temperature of -15° to -20° F. Zone 5b: This subzone has a minimum average temperature of -10° to -15°F.

What planting zone is Horry County? ›

Horry County, South Carolina is in USDA Hardiness Zones 8a and 8b.

Where is zone 5a in the United States? ›

Where Is USDA Zone 5? Zone 5 starts in the Northeastern United States (including parts of New England, like Maine and New Hampshire, and mid-Atlantic states like New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia). It extends across the northern part of the Central US (including Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Wisconsin).

What plants are hardy in zone 6b? ›

Asters, astilbe, bee balm, cannas, coneflowers, crocus, daffodils, delphiniums, glads, hibiscus, hostas, hyacinths, irises, lilies, peonies, phlox, salvia, sedum, tulips and yarrow are among the Zone 6 plants we recommend.

Where is Zone 4 in the United States? ›

Zone 4: -30 to -20°F

Zone 4 plants can withstand minimum chilled temps from -30 to -20°F. You can find this zone in Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Eastern states such as Northern New York, New Hampshire, and Maine.

Where is Zone 7 in the United States? ›

USDA Zone 7

The zone includes Long Island, coastal New Jersey, eastern Maryland, most of Virginia and North Carolina, western South Carolina, southern Tennessee, the northern halves of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi and much of Arkansas.

What is the fastest growing ground cover for Zone 5? ›

Fast-Growing Ground Cover for Shade
  • Creeping Thyme. Zones 4 to 9. ...
  • Yellow Alyssum. Zones 4 to 7. ...
  • Ice Plant. Zones 5 to 10. ...
  • Creeping Juniper. Zones 3 to 9. ...
  • Dragon's Blood Sedum. Zones 3 to 8. ...
  • Creeping Phlox. Zones 3 to 9. ...
  • Strawberry. Zones 5 to 10. ...
  • Asiatic Jasmine. Zones 7 to 9.
28 Jan 2020

How long is too long in Zone 5? ›

Zone 5 in this seven-zone chart is the VO2 max zone. Depending on the person, duration can be up to 8 minutes (but that would be *really* hard—elite athlete level hard). Three minutes in Zone 5 (106%–120% of FTP) is doable for most relatively fit people, especially at the lower end of that percentage.

What can I plant now in SC? ›

Season of Planting
CropPlanting Date RangePlanting Date Range
CantaloupeMar 15 to May 15Jul 1 to Jul 30
CarrotsFeb 1 to Mar 15Sept 1 to Sept 15
Cauliflower 1Mar 1 to Apr 10Aug 15 to Aug 30
CollardsFeb 1 to Jun 15Aug 1 to Oct 30
41 more rows
12 Feb 2021

What plant zone is Conway SC? ›

Conway, South Carolina is in USDA Hardiness Zones 8b.

What planting zone is Murrells Inlet SC? ›

Murrells Inlet, South Carolina is in USDA Hardiness Zones 8b.

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