FOR THE RECORD - Virginia Business (2023)

PublishedbyVirginia Business


AutoZone Inc. plans to build a $185.2 million warehouse and distribution center in New Kent County, creating 352 jobs, Gov. Glenn Youngkin announced in February. The 800,000-square-foot facility will serve as the auto parts company’s East Coast distribution operation. Based in Memphis, Tennessee, AutoZone has more than 6,000 stores nationwide and reported $14.6 billion in sales in fiscal 2021. The deal includes a $2.5 million grant from the Commonwealth’s Opportunity Fund that former Gov. Ralph Northam approved to assist the county, and AutoZone is eligible for benefits from the Port of Virginia Economic and Infrastructure Development Zone grant program. (

Churchill Downs Inc. entered into an agreement to acquire Peninsula Pacific Entertainment LLC, the parent company of Colonial Downs Group and Rosie’s Gaming Emporiums, for $2.48 billion, Churchill Downs announced in late February. The acquisition is expected to close by the end of the year, although it is dependent on approval from the Virginia Racing Commission and similar entities in New York and Iowa. Pacific’s assets in Virginia include the Colonial Downs Racetrack in New Kent and six Rosie’s sites across the state, as well as The Rose, a $400 million gaming facility and hotel being built in Dumfries, set to open in late 2023. (

Massachusetts-based scientific equipment and software supply company Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. will invest $97 million to expand its laboratory operations into three new locations in the greater Richmond area, a project expected to create more than 500 jobs, Gov. Glenn Youngkin announced in March. Two of the labs will be at the former Toys “R” Us store in western Henrico County, and the third will be at the VA Bio+Tech Park in downtown Richmond. (

The University of Virginia Foundation wants to add a massive new mixed-use development with up to 1,400 homes to its North Fork industrial park property in Albemarle County, but concerns about water infrastructure could stop it in its tracks. In February, the foundation requested a rezoning of 172 acres of its approximately 540 acres from Planned Development Industrial Park to Neighborhood Model Development, to allow residential, commercial and retail uses. The Rivanna Water and Sewer Authority, though, has expressed concerns around the size and timing of the project.
(The Daily Progress)

Virginia Commonwealth University received an unprecedented $104 million donation from Dr. Richard Todd Stravitz and his family’s Barbara Brunckhorst Foundation to support liver research, President Michael Rao announced in February. It’s the largest gift in VCU’s history and also believed to be the largest publicly shared gift to support liver research in the country. It will support the liver institute that VCU first announced in December 2021. The gift also establishes two endowed chairs for medicine and microbiology at the School of Medicine. Stravitz, whose maternal grandfather founded Boar’s Head Provisions Co. Inc., is a clinical professor at VCU and was medical director of liver transplantation at VCU Health’s Hume-Lee Transplant Center for a decade. (

Walgreens will invest $34.2 million to establish a micro-fulfillment center in Hanover County, a project expected to create 249 jobs, Gov. Glenn
Youngkin announced in late February. The 65,686-square-foot facility will be located at the Atlee Station Logistics Center and outfitted with automated machinery to allow a flexible operating model. Walgreens operates nearly 9,000 stores across the country and its territories, including 200 stores in Virginia, where it employs 4,600 people. The Virginia Economic Development Partnership worked with the county and the Greater Richmond Partnership to secure the project. (

NORTHERN VIRGINIA announced in late February it will expand its technology research and development division at its Tysons headquarters, investing $2.6 million and creating 180 jobs, according to Gov. Glenn Youngkin’s office. The technology company already has several hundred workers in Virginia, and the expansion is expected to create additional engineering positions within its research and development division. was named to Fortune magazine’s list of 100 Fastest Growing Companies in 2021, and the company’s platform that integrates with a growing variety of Internet of Things (IoT) devices has more than 8.4 million subscribers. (

Reston-based Leidos Holdings Inc. won an $11.5 billion contract to consolidate and streamline the Department of Defense’s Fourth Estate information technology systems into one common network, the Pentagon announced in March. More than 380,000 employees comprise the Fourth Estate, the nickname for DOD’s nearly two dozen defense agencies and field activities outside the military services and intelligence community. Under the contract, the Fortune 500 government contractor is expected to unify the agencies on one Defense Information Systems Agency network, with a potential 10-year period of performance and a base ordering period through February 2026. (

Reston-based cybersecurity firm Mandiant Inc. has entered into an agreement to be acquired by Google LLC in an all-cash transaction valued at $5.4 billion, the companies announced in March. If approved, it would be Google’s second-largest acquisition ever, behind the $12.5 billion Motorola deal in 2012. When the deal closes later this year, Mandiant will join Google Cloud. (

The $1.9 billion, all-cash acquisition of Falls Church-based government contractor PAE Inc. by an affiliate of Maryland-based aerospace defense contractor Amentum Services Inc. closed on Feb. 15. Founded 67 years ago, PAE was acquired by Lockheed Martin Corp. in 2006, sold to two other owners, and then became a publicly traded company in 2020 on the Nasdaq. Following the sale, former PAE CEO John Heller was tapped as Amentum’s next CEO. He was set to take his new post March 28. (

Tysons-based broadcast and digital media giant Tegna Inc. will be acquired in a $5.4 billion cash deal by an affiliate of New York hedge fund Standard General LP, the company announced in February. Standard General is one of Tegna’s largest shareholders and will team up with New York-based private equity firm Apollo Global Management to buy the media company for $24 per share in cash, with the deal set to close in the second half of the year. Tegna, which owns 64 TV stations in 51 U.S. markets, said the deal has an enterprise value of $8.6 billion, including the assumption of debt. The company was created in 2015 after Gannett Co. Inc., the nation’s largest newspaper publisher, spun off its broadcast and digital media divisions. (

The Washington Commanders NFL team is considering three sites in Virginia for a new stadium, which would serve as the centerpiece to a vast entertainment complex, according to planning documents prepared for the project. The Ashburn-based team is considering options in Sterling, Woodbridge and Dumfries, sites all at least 27 miles from Washington, D.C., and only the Sterling site would be accessible by Metro, assuming the Dulles extension on the Silver Line opens. The state’s efforts to lure the Commanders to the commonwealth have intensified, coinciding with the franchise’s rebrand in early February. (The Washington Post)


Breeze Airways will expand flight offerings from Norfolk International Airport to Jacksonville, Florida; Los Angeles; Savannah, Georgia; and Las Vegas this summer. The new flights will range in price from $49 to $99 one-way, and increase based on customer comfort level. Breeze CEO David Neeleman said his company has five bases, including Norfolk. He says the expansion will also lead to more jobs. Breeze added flights to Long Island and Palm Beach, Florida, in February. (WAVY)

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The most expensive Hampton Roads home sale on record happened in February for $9.5 million. A nearly 11,000-square-foot mansion on 3.7 acres overlooking Linkhorn Bay in Virginia Beach sold after about 18 months and was reduced from $11.8 million. The home features a saltwater pool, private sand beach and dock and was sold by former Virginia state Sen. and entrepreneur Jeff McWaters to Harbor Group International President T. Richard Litton Jr. (The Virginian-Pilot)

Demolition of the 65-year-old Ridley Place Housing Community in Newport News’ Southeast Community began in mid-February and is expected to take four months. The public housing complex will be replaced by a mixed-use, mixed-income development, including homes, commercial spaces, an early childhood center and a walking/biking trail and is part of a phased plan to revitalize the area. The $58 million Ridley project is funded by a $30 million grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Choice Neighborhood Initiative. The city devoted an additional $26.7 million of its American Rescue Plan Act dollars for the project. (Daily Press)

On Feb. 28, California-based Rocket Lab USA Inc. picked Wallops Island as the location to manufacture, assemble and launch its Neutron rocket, a move that’s expected to create as many as 250 jobs. A 250,000-square-foot complex will be built next to the NASA Wallops Flight Facility and Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport. Rocket Lab recently landed a $24 million contract from U.S. Space Force’s Systems Command in support of Neutron’s capability to aid national security and defense missions. (

Health care workers resigned in droves as the pandemic raged. During the past two years, Sentara Healthcare has spent more than $310 million on employee raises, benefits, gifts and other compensation to attract and retain workers. Bon Secours spent $100 million in 2021 on market adjustment pay increases and more than $87 million in bonuses related to the pandemic. Riverside Health System employees received a pay increase of up to 17% in January. Sentara says its actions led to a below average turnover rate of 14.5%, compared with a national average of 19.5%. (The Virginian-Pilot)

Former Virginia Beach Economic Development Director Warren Harris will serve no jail time after admitting to embezzling nearly $79,479 from city taxpayers during his 11-year tenure. Harris, who served from 2007 to 2018, was sentenced in Circuit Court in February and is required to repay the city. Among the expenses he charged was a 2018 trip to Spain. The city changed its policy allowing department heads to approve their own expenses after Harris’ resignation. (The Virginian-Pilot)


Sentara Healthcare President and CEO Howard P. Kern announced his retirement from the Norfolk-based health system in early February. Kern worked in hospital administration, finance and insurance for Sentara for 42 years and has led the $9.8 billion system since 2016. Sentara was listed as one of the nation’s top five large health systems in the 2021 annual ranking by Fortune and IBM Watson Health. It employs more than 1,200 physicians and 30,000 other people. Kern said he would continue in his position until his replacement starts later this year; a search for a new CEO is underway. (


A new $11 million Lowe’s warehouse and distribution center is expected to create 70 jobs in Roanoke County, the project’s developer announced Feb. 7. Lowe’s Cos. Inc. has hired Roanoke-based Cherney Development, in partnership with North Carolina-based Samet Corp., to build a 60,000-square-foot distribution warehouse and distribution center on an 8.45-acre site in Roanoke County’s Valley TechPark. Construction is expected to begin in the next few months and be completed within about a year. (

The Mountain Valley Pipeline is facing what it calls “greater uncertainty” after losing two crucial permits and the confidence of one of its five corporate partners. Yet developers of the natural gas pipeline are not giving up, they said Feb. 22 in a conference call with financial analysts. “We’re all hands on deck to find the right path forward for MVP,” said Thomas Karam, chairman and CEO of Equitrans Midstream Corp., the venture’s lead partner. Mountain Valley, which had hoped to complete the often-delayed project by this summer, no longer expects that to happen.
(The Roanoke Times)

The location of the New River Valley’s proposed rail station has been narrowed to one of two sites, each of which are in proximity to the Uptown Christiansburg mall, based on work performed by the Virginia Passenger Rail Authority. The VPRA began a feasibility study this past fall to look at potential station locations in the New River Valley and then conducted a survey that ran from Dec. 22, 2021, to Jan. 31. Respondents’ general preferences were for the two Christiansburg mall sites. The start of the New River Valley service is not expected until at least 2025. (The Roanoke Times)

Virginia Tech leaders and donors broke ground Feb. 2 on the university’s $85 million, 100,000-square-foot Hitt Hall, which will house the Myers-Lawson School of Construction. The building, which is expected to be completed in spring 2024, will feature general assignment classrooms and a 600-seat multivenue dining facility. The Myers-Lawson School is a collaboration between the College of Architecture and Urban Studies and the College of Engineering. The Virginia Tech board of visitors approved funding for the hall in August 2021. W.M. Jordan Co. is the construction manager, and the building is designed to obtain
or exceed the LEED Silver certification. (

Officials from LewisGale Hospital Montgomery celebrated the groundbreaking of the facility’s new surgical wing Feb. 24 in Blacksburg. The hospital will add more than 7,500 square feet to its surgery department, including two new operating rooms, a 15-bed post-anesthesia care unit and additional storage space. Crews will also renovate 4,800 square feet of the existing surgery center. Construction is expected to finish in spring 2023. “What we’re trying to do is continue to stay with the community as it grows,” CEO Alan Fabian said. “We’re excited to provide services here at LewisGale Hospital Montgomery rather than have people travel outside of the area.” (The Roanoke Times)


Roanoke College President Michael C. Maxey was elected chair of the Council of Independent Colleges’ board of directors, the council announced Feb. 7. Maxey joined the board in January 2018 and became vice chair for programs in 2021. Maxey, who has been with Roanoke College since 1985, announced in September 2021 that he would beretiring from his college presidencyat the end of this academic year.He has served the longest of any Roanoke College president, having assumed the role in 2007. (


The Blue Ridge Rock Festival — an event that brought a record crowd of 33,000 people to Pittsylvania County in 2021 — is steering down the road this year to a new venue at Virginia International Raceway in Halifax County. The new location was officially announced Feb. 18 when tickets went on sale for the four-day festival set Sept. 8-11. The event will be the largest on record for the road racing course tucked away in rural Alton. (Danville Register & Bee)

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A spot next to the Olde Dominion Agricultural Complex in Chatham could be a good fit for a new hotel, according to a feasibility study released in February. The hotel would have easy accessibility because of its location along U.S. 29 and provide good proximity to four airports, including those in Danville, Lynchburg, and Greensboro and Raleigh, North Carolina, according to the study performed by Horwath HTL, an Atlanta-based hospitality consulting firm. The ag complex brings in more than 100,000 visitors per year for a variety of events, and a hotel there would face no direct competition from Chatham. (Danville Register & Bee)

In late February, Danvilleannounced it had been chosen to join an initiative led by the National League of Cities and commit to increase economic inclusion and resilience for communities of color. As part of the Southern Cities Economic Inclusion initiative, Danville joins 15 other cities in the Southeast that will receive up to $30,000 in grant funding and opportunities to learn from national experts and other cities. Economic inclusion strategies involve intentional engagement by cities to implement policies and programs to expand the participation of businesses and residents of color in the economy. (WDBJ)

A subsidiary of Lowell, Arkansas-based transportation company J.B. Hunt Transport Services Inc. has acquired a subsidiary of Bassett-based home furniture and marketer Bassett Furniture Industries Inc. for $87 million. J.B. Hunt Transport Inc. finalized the purchase of Zenith Freight Lines LLC on Feb. 28, a deal funded by Hunt’s existing cash balance. (


A familiar face will take the helm of the Danville Pittsylvania Chamber of Commerce in April. Anne Moore-Sparks will serve as the chamber’s next president and CEO, the chamber announced March 7. She replaces Alexis Ehrhardt, who left last year to become the University of Virginia’s executive director for state government relations. “Anne is well-known in the community and will bring her connections and strong interpersonal skills to the Chamber,” said John Settle, chair of the search committee. A Danville native, Moore-Sparks worked for the city school system as a community engagement and business partnership specialist, a teacher quality specialist and as director of the Danville Public Schools Education Foundation. (

Martinsville-based ValleyStar Credit Union promoted three executives to C suite-level positions in mid-February. Justin Barnes was appointed the credit union’s chief lending officer, Mendy Shaffer was tapped as interim chief financial officer and Robert Sparrow is ValleyStar’s new chief risk officer. Barnes joined the credit union in 2018 and was most recently vice president of commercial lending. Shaffer joined ValleyStar in 2018 as vice president of accounting. Sparrow joined the credit union in 2013 and was most recently vice president of risk management. (

SHENANDOAH VALLEY Inc. will open a 1 million-square-foot fulfillment center in Augusta County, creating 500 jobs, Gov. Glenn Youngkin announced Feb. 23. The facility at 32 Trader Road in Fishersville will open in spring 2023 and will pick, pack and ship bulky or larger-size items, such as patio furniture, outdoor equipment or rugs. Amazon has more than 30 fulfillment and sorting centers and delivery stations in Virginia. The first opened in Sterling in 2006. (

Developer Echelon Resources Inc. of South Boston is proposing a residential and commercial complex for the 1900 and 2000 blocks of Valley Avenue in Winchester. According to information presented March 1 to the Winchester Planning Commission, Echelon intends to buy the 17.34 acres needed to accommodate the Winchester Grove mixed-use complex from its current owners — Virginia Apple Storage Services LLC and Elms Properties LLC. The property has a total assessed value of $5.76 million. Echelon would construct and manage seven buildings containing 440 apartments, 19,457 square feet of commercial and restaurant space and 13,038 square feet of indoor amenities. The rezoning will go before the Planning Commission, the Planning and Economic Development Committee and City Council. (The Winchester Star)

Harrisonburg City Council voted Feb. 22 to approve Simms Pointe, an 80-unit affordable housing development on Lucy Drive. The development is geared toward nonstudent housing. Neighbors of the property had encouraged the council to vote against the proposal, citing concerns with the traffic, safety and other impacts to the neighborhood, as well as questioning the character of the Ohio-based developer, Woda Cooper Development. The approved special-use permit requires the complex to include a 6-foot fence and at least a 10-foot-tall landscaping buffer along the southern boundary of the property (Daily News-Record)

The Rockingham County Board of Supervisors voted Feb. 23 to deny Pennsylvania-based Dynamic Energy Solutions’ request for a special-use permit to build a large-scale solar energy facility outside Dayton. The project would have encompassed about 22 acres of a 50.7-acre parcel on the west side of John Wayland Highway, southwest of Huffman Drive. Dayton Mayor Cary Jackson and the town manager, Angela Lawrence, had asked the board to deny the project, and one of the concerns board members had was that the proposed facility would have been located in Dayton‘s annexation area for future growth. (Daily News-Record)

The Winchester-Frederick County Tourism Board decided Feb. 17 that it would release $290,000 in American Rescue Plan Act funds to the Winchester-Frederick County Convention and Visitors Bureau in two phases over the next two years. Since it is jointly funded by the governments of Winchester and Frederick County, the CVB will receive $160,000 in ARPA funds from the county and $130,000 from the city. The funds are intended to support new marketing initiatives to bolster local tourism and can be used for expenses such as print, broadcast and online advertising; video production; social media campaigns; and targeted promotions. (The Winchester Star)


Brandy William was appointed the next president and CEO of United Way of Northern Shenandoah Valley, effective March 15. William leads a staff of six at a United Way branch that has more than 50 community partners, 4,000 donors and 2,000 volunteers serving Winchester and the counties of Clarke, Frederick, Page and Shenandoah. She succeeds Nadine Bullock-Pottinga, who stepped down Dec. 31.
William was previously a fundraising and development specialist for the American College of Radiology and the development director for the Lorton Community Action Center. (The Northern Virginia Daily)


The Appalachian Regional Commission announced on Feb. 22 funding for two projects in Southwest Virginia. The town of Lebanon will receive $500,000 for the Russell Theater Restoration Project to renovate and reopen the 5,590-square-foot Russell Theater. The restored theater is expected to attract businesses for live performances, concerts and other events. The second project, in the town of Wise, will also receive $500,000. The project will install 5,540 linear feet of sewer line to the Hamiltontown community located along Virginia State Route 758. (Bristol Herald Courier)

The Bristol Virginia Industrial Development Authority unanimously approved transferring a 2.88-acre tract of land at retail development The Falls to Georgia-based Tidal Wave Auto Spa Properties on Feb. 23. Tidal Wave Auto Spa Properties will develop a $5 million car wash project on its half of the parcel. Developer Martie Murphy said the company hopes to open it in the fourth quarter of this year. The business will employ 12 to 15 people. The company has pledged to grade the site and prepare the pad for an adjoining business, an unnamed fast food restaurant. (Bristol Herald Courier)

(Video) Virginia Board of Education - Business Meeting 11/17/22

Project Fuse, a regional cooperative initiative to make Southwest Virginia a location of choice for remote employment, launched Feb. 18 with the release of aplaybookto attract businesses. The Lonesome Pine Regional Industrial Facilities Authority commissioned the playbook with support from the state’s GO Virginia economic development initiative and the U.S. Economic Development Administration. InvestSWVA brought project members together. The study states that to attract businesses, localities need to have ubiquitous internet connectivity and reliable transportation networks; downtown office buildings with meeting space; affordable, diverse housing options in walkable areas; and established networks with academic partners. (

Chicago-based custom sign manufacturer Signco Inc. will invest $650,000 to take over the former MC Signs facility at 334 Industrial Park Road in Bluefield, Gov. Glenn Youngkin announced March 4. Signco, which is owned by Anthony Morrone and Vince Sclafani, designs, manufactures and installs signs for many industries, and the company has developed a new manufacturing process using 3D printing to make multidimensional LED letters. Signco expects to hire 19 workers at the facility. The company employs welders, painters, assemblers and computer numeric controlled (CNC) operators. (


On Feb. 22, Hard Rock International Inc. announced Allie Evangelista had been appointed as its president of hotel and casino operations in Bristol. She most recently served three years as a vice president and general manager for Penn National Gaming Inc. operations. Evangelista joined the gaming industry in 2006 as an assistant slot operations manager in Missouri and worked her way up into vice president and managerial roles at casinos in Iowa and Ohio.(

Carl Snodgrass, Wise County’s chief economic development professional for three decades, died on Feb. 3 at age 84. Snodgrass began working for the county in 1992 and remained active with its Industrial Development Authority projects. He was instrumental in recruiting Dominion Energy Inc. to build the Virginia City Hybrid Energy Center, renovating the Inn at Wise, and creating the Lonesome Pine Business and Technology Park and bringing the Mineral Gap data center to it. He had served on Wise Town Council and as mayor. Before his county employment, Snodgrass helped launch the First State Bank, of which he became president. (The Coalfield Progress)

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How long does a judge have to rule on a motion? ›

Under T.R. 53.2, if a judge takes a cause tried to the court under advisement and fails to determine any issue of law or fact within ninety (90) days of the submission of all pending matters, the case may be withdrawn from the judge. Ind.

Does a Virginia FOIA request have to be in writing? ›

FOIA does not require that your request be in writing, nor do you need to specifically state that you are requesting records under FOIA. From a practical perspective, it may be helpful to both you and the person receiving your request to put your request in writing. This allows you to create a record of your request.

When can you file a motion for reconsideration in Virginia? ›

A. A party may file a petition for reconsideration of an agency's final decision made pursuant to § 2.2-4020. The petition shall be filed with the agency not later than 15 days after service of the final decision and shall state the specific grounds on which relief is requested.

Is Virginia an open record state? ›

Any citizen of Virginia may request public records, however Virginia does limit the right of incarcerated felons to request any records whatsoever. The Virginia Freedom of Information Act does not require a statement of purpose, nor are there any restrictions on the use of records.

How do you get a judge to rule in your favor? ›

How to Persuade a Judge
  1. Your arguments must make logical sense. ...
  2. Know your audience.
  3. Know your case.
  4. Know your adversary's case.
  5. Never overstate your case. ...
  6. If possible lead with the strongest argument.
  7. Select the most easily defensible position that favors your case.
  8. Don't' try to defend the indefensible.
1 Nov 2008

Can a judge dismiss a case before trial? ›

Yes. It is possible for a case to be dismissed at the pretrial hearing. During the hearing, the judge will likely issue a decision regarding any pretrial motions to dismiss the case. Thus, if those motions are successful, your case may be dismissed at the pretrial.

What are the three exclusions to the FOIA? ›

Exemption One: Classified national defense and foreign relations information. Exemption Two: Internal agency personnel rules and practices. Exemption Three: Information that is prohibited from disclosure by another federal law.

What types of things can not be requested through FOIA? ›

Information/data that is NOT covered by the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) includes: Non-agency records and personal records. Public requests for access to physical artifacts or scientific samples (e.g. core samples, sediment, rocks, fossils, specimen samples, blood samples).

Why would a FOIA be denied? ›

Can the FCC deny my FOIA request? Yes. If the Bureau or Office that is the custodian of the records determines that there are no records responsive to your request, or that one or more of the FOIA exemptions described above applies to the documents you request, your request will be denied in writing.

How many times can you appeal in Virginia? ›

However, you typically get only one appeal from the general district court to the circuit court, and likewise, one appeal from the circuit court to the Court of Appeals. In extraordinary cases, you may even note an appeal to the Virginia Supreme Court.

How many times can you file a motion for reconsideration? ›

No more than one motion for reconsideration by each party shall be entertained. Section 2. Opposition.

What happen if motion for reconsideration is denied? ›

An order denying a motion for reconsideration is not appealable, the remedy being an appeal from the judgment or final order.

Will Virginia ever allow expungement? ›

New Virginia Expungement Law Takes Effect in 2025. The Virginia General Assembly passed a new expungement law in 2021. The law, which takes effect in 2025, makes expungement automatic in some cases and expands expungement eligibility to some criminal convictions.

Can you expunge your record in Virginia? ›

Virginia already has an expungement law, which allows people whose cases were dismissed, dropped, or who were found not guilty to ask a court to expunge those records.

Can a convicted felon hold office in Virginia? ›

Are Your Rights Restored? Anyone convicted of a felony in Virginia automatically loses their civil rights - the right to vote, serve on a jury, run for office, become a notary public and carry a firearm.

What not to say to judge? ›

Most judges can sense when a witness is stretching the truth, and they do not appreciate it. Also, avoid statements like “honestly” or “to tell you the truth.” Everything you say to a judge should be honest and truthful.

What to do to impress a judge? ›

How To Impress The Judge When Speaking in Colorado Springs Courts
  1. Judging More Than Your Guilt Or Innocence. ...
  2. Dress For Success. ...
  3. Be Respectful of The Judge At All Times When Speaking – And When Listening. ...
  4. Keep Calm and Carry On. ...
  5. The Truth, The Whole Truth, and Nothing But The Truth.
22 Mar 2021

What do judges look at when deciding a case? ›

Opinions usually begin with a history of the facts and legal issues of the case. The court will then look to relevant statutes or past decisions (precedent) for law that can be applied to the facts. The court then analyzes and applies the law to the facts and makes a ruling based on that analysis.

Do defendants have to give evidence in court? ›

Defendants have a qualified right against self-incrimination which they can exercise by choosing not to give evidence at trial. Defendants can similarly decline to answer questions when interviewed by the police or other prosecuting authority.

How do you stop a case from going to trial? ›

Either side can file pretrial motions, including motions to set aside (cancel) the complaint, to dismiss the case, or to prevent evidence from being used at trial. The defendant can change his or her plea to guilty or no contest.

Can a case go to trial without evidence? ›

Most certainly not. If somehow it does, the case won't last long and the prosecution won't like the final judgment.

Which type of information is exempt? ›

Exemption 1: Information that is classified to protect national security. Exemption 2: Information related solely to the internal personnel rules and practices of an agency. Exemption 3: Information that is prohibited from disclosure by another federal law.

Which FOIA exemption is used the most? ›

Since then, use of Exemption 5 has generally fluctuated between 60,000 and 70,000 each year. In fiscal year 2018—the most recent data that's public—it was used 61,135 times. While many agencies use the exemption, the Department of Homeland Security uses it far more frequently than any other agency.

What information can be redacted in a FOIA request? ›

Government agencies are permitted to “redact” or black out, documents, in part or in their entirety, if they determine the information is “exempt” from disclosure under federal law.

Can you refuse a Freedom of Information request? ›

You can refuse an entire request under the following circumstances: It would cost too much or take too much staff time to deal with the request. The request is vexatious. The request repeats a previous request from the same person.

How can we avoid FOIA? ›

Here is a brief summary of the three mistakes she shared with the audience, and tips for how to avoid them:
  1. Provide Estimated Dates of Completion. ...
  2. Proactively Disclose Records. ...
  3. Clearly Communicate with Requesters.
21 Mar 2018

Which of the following documents can be disclosed under a Freedom of Information request? ›

You can request any recorded information held by a public authority. This includes electronic and paper records, photographs and recordings.

How long should a FOIA take? ›

Under the Act, most public authorities may take up to 20 working days to respond, counting the first working day after the request is received as the first day. For schools, the standard time limit is 20 school days, or 60 working days if this is shorter.

How long should a FOIA request take? ›

How Long Will It Take to Answer My FOIA Request? Under the statute, federal agencies are required to respond to a FOIA request within twenty working days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays.

How do you respond to a records request? ›

Oral requests for records can be responded to orally. However, a request made in writing must be responded to in writing. If any record is redacted, the custodian must make sure that the written response identifies not only what information was redacted but also why it was redacted.

What percentage of appeals are successful? ›

The chances of winning a criminal appeal in California are low (about 20 percent of appeals are successful). But the odds of success are greater if there were errors of law and procedure at trial significant enough to have affected the outcome of the case.

How often are appeals successful Virginia? ›

Court of Appeals

Last year, the court took in 3,044 new cases, and disposed of 3,322, giving it a “clearance rate” of 109%. Keep this up, your honors, and you'll be out of a job in about twelve more years; no cases left to decide.

What is the average time for a VA appeal? ›

The Veterans Benefits Administration usually takes 12 to 18 months to review appeals and decide whether to grant some or all of the appeal. When you request a review from a Veterans Law Judge at the Board of Veterans' Appeals, it could take 5 to 7 years for you to get a decision.

How long does it take to get a reconsideration decision? ›

A reconsideration appeal can usually be decided in as little as four weeks or as long as twelve weeks; whereas an application for disability can take as long as six months (usually, if it takes this long it is due to difficulties in procuring medical records from various doctors and other medical providers).

Can you always appeal a court decision? ›

A popular misconception is that cases are always appealed. Not often does a losing party have an automatic right of appeal. There usually must be a legal basis for the appeal an alleged material error in the trial not just the fact that the losing party didn t like the verdict.

Is a motion to reconsider debatable? ›

The motion to reconsider is debatable to the extent that the motion being reconsidered is debatable. The making of the motion to reconsider takes precedence over all other motions and yields to nothing.

What is a second motion for reconsideration? ›

Evidently, what the Rules seek to proscribe is a second motion for reconsideration, which essentially repeats or reiterates the same arguments already passed upon by the tribunal, when it resolved the first motion for reconsideration filed by the same party.

Can a mandatory reconsideration be overturned? ›

Don't be put off if they don't change the decision, not many decisions are overturned at this stage. More decisions are changed after the second stage of the challenge - if your mandatory reconsideration is turned down you can appeal to a tribunal.

What Cannot be expunged in Virginia? ›

You may not get an expungement if you pled nolo contendre (or no contest) to the charges against you, were convicted, or entered a guilty or no contest plea agreement.

How much does it cost to get your record expunged in Virginia? ›

In general, you will likely need to pay $2.00 to get a certified copy of the charge you want expunged; $86.00 to file the petition; $12.00 to serve the petition on the Commonwealth's Attorney; $10.00 to obtain a fingerprint card; and, legal costs to your attorney to process the expungement.

How long does an expungement take in Virginia? ›

In Virginia, the expungement process often takes about six (6) months to complete and can take longer in some jurisdictions.

How can I clear my record? ›

A criminal record can be cleared in one of two ways: either by having the record sealed or getting the crimes expunged. The difference between the two is that the former closes off the record from public access, whereas the latter makes it seem as if the conviction or arrest never existed.

How long do felonies stay on your record in Virginia? ›

The most straight-forward answer is: forever. Regardless of whether you are only convicted of a first-time offense, such as possession of marijuana or reckless driving, these convictions will stay on your record forever. Virginia law makes no distinction between misdemeanors or felonies in this respect.

How can I get my record expunged for free in Virginia? ›

The state of Virginia does not allow the expungement or sealing of criminal conviction records unless you were granted an absolute pardon for a crime you did not commit.

Can a felon get a passport in Virginia? ›

At a Glance: Having a felony doesn't automatically disqualify you from getting a passport. Only people with specific felonies—such as certain drug convictions—aren't eligible for passports. In addition, those with unpaid child support, federal taxes, or federal loans may not be eligible for a passport.

Can felons in Virginia own guns? ›

Anyone convicted of a felony is prohibited from possessing a firearm in Virginia. Possession of a firearm by a felon in Virginia is a separate felony that could be punished with mandatory minimum prison time under Va. Code §18.2-308.2.

Does FedEx hire felons in Virginia? ›

Does FedEx hire felons? Yes, FedEx hires people with felony convictions on their criminal record. However, the company considers the type of crime when making a hiring decision. They also consider the type of job you're applying for and how your felony could affect it.

How long does it take to hear back from a motion? ›

When will a motion be heard by the Court: A motion is heard on a 24 day cycle, meaning that when you file a motion, you can expect that your case will be scheduled before a judge within approximately 24 days.

How long does a judge have to make a ruling in Ohio? ›

(2) All cases submitted for determination after a court trial shall be decided within ni nety days from the date the case was subm i tted. (3) All motions shall be ruled upon within one hundred twenty days from the date the moti on was filed, except as otherwi se noted on the report forms.

How long does a judge have to answer a motion Florida? ›

The response must be filed within 10 days after service of the motion unless the court shortens or extends the time.

Can a judge rule on a motion after the verdict? ›

If the court decides the initial motion should have been granted, it may set aside the verdict of the jury and enter judgment as a matter of law. This was previously known as judgment notwithstanding the verdict.

How long after you apply should you hear back? ›

On average, it takes hiring managers one to two weeks to reach out to potential hirees after receiving an application. However, that's not always the case. Ultimately, the timeline you can expect depends entirely on the company you're trying to work for.

How long should I wait for an application response? ›

The average length of time it takes to hear back is one to two weeks or around 10-14 days after you submit your application materials. In contrast, certain jobs, like those for government positions could take as long as six to eight weeks to hear back.

How long does it take for them to tell you you got the job? ›

As a rule of thumb, you're advised to wait 10 to 14 days before following up. It's not uncommon to wait for a few weeks before hearing back from your interviewer.

Can a judge overturn their own ruling? ›

In some cases, reversal happened when the court simply thought it got it wrong in the past. Not all precedents are equal, and several current Supreme Court justices have in the past been open to overturning even long-standing rulings that interpret the Constitution.

What does it mean when a judge stays a ruling? ›

A ruling by a court to stop or suspend a proceeding or trial temporarily or indefinitely. A court may later lift the stay and continue the proceeding. Some stays are automatic, but others are up to judicial discretion.

How long can a judge serve and why? ›

By February 2001, judges in all 58 counties had voted to unify their trial courts. California Legislature determines the number of judges in each court. Superior court judges serve six-year terms and are elected by county voters on a nonpartisan ballot at a general election.

How long does it take to get a court order? ›

There is no standard time frame and it can take between 6 to 12 months to achieve a final order. In most cases, it will take around six to eight weeks from when you first apply for the preliminary court hearing (step 4 above) to take place.

How long does it take to get a court date for a felony? ›

In terms of a trial date, the U.S. Constitution and the constitution of individual states guarantee defendants the right to a speedy trial. For felony cases, this means defendants have the right to have a case be brought to trial within 60 days after the date of the arraignment.

What does it mean to respond to a motion? ›

The response may agree with or oppose the action requested. If the response opposes the action requested, it must contain the reasons for opposing the motion and must include supporting evidence. The Court will enter an order in which the judge either grants or denies the motion.

What is the rule of 39? ›

- In all actions not triable of right by a jury the court upon motion or if its own initiative may try any issue or question of fact with an advisory jury or the court, with the consent of the parties, may order a trial with a jury whose verdict has the same effect as if trial by jury had been a matter of right.

What is the Rule 33? ›

New Trial. (a) Defendant's Motion. Upon the defendant's motion, the court may vacate any judgment and grant a new trial if the interest of justice so requires.

What is a Rule 29 motion? ›

Motion for Judgment of Acquittal. (a) Motion Before Submission to Jury . Motions for directed verdict are abolished and motions for judgment of acquittal shall be used in their place.


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